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With the rapid expansion of Internet in recent years, computer systems are facing increased number of security threats. Despite numerous technological innovations for information assurance, it is still very difficult to protect computer systems. Therefore, unwanted intrusions take place when the actual software systems are running. Different soft computing(More)
Conventional group analysis of functional MRI (fMRI) data usually involves spatial alignment of anatomy across participants by registering every brain image to an anatomical reference image. Due to the high degree of inter-subject anatomical variability, a low-resolution average anatomical model is typically used as the target template, and/or smoothing(More)
This paper presents a novel segmentation technique to extract prostate contours from Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) images. A Sticks Filter is first used to reduce the speckle and enhance the image contrast. The problem is then discretized by projecting equispaced radii from an arbitrary seed point inside the prostate cavity towards its boundary. The(More)
This paper presents a novel segmentation technique for extracting cavity contours from ultrasound images. The problem is first discretized by projecting equispaced radii from an arbitrary seed point inside the cavity toward its boundary. The distance of the cavity boundary from the seed point is modeled by the trajectory of a moving object. The motion of(More)
We present and validate a novel registration algorithm mapping two data sets, generated from a rigid object, in the presence of Gaussian noise. The proposed method is based on the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) algorithm that is generally employed for analyzing nonlinear systems corrupted by additive Gaussian noise. First, we employ our proposed registration(More)
Whereas low-level sensory processes can be linked to macroanatomy with great confidence, the degree to which high-level cognitive processes map onto anatomy is less clear. If function respects anatomy, more accurate intersubject anatomical registration should result in better functional alignment. Here, we use auditory functional magnetic resonance imaging(More)
In point-based rigid-body registration, target registration error (TRE) is an important measure of the accuracy of the performed registration. The registration's accuracy depends on the fiducial localization error (FLE) which, in turn, is due to the measurement errors in the points (fiducials) used to perform the registration. FLE may have different(More)
Segmentation of the spinal column from computed tomography (CT) images is a preprocessing step for a range of image-guided interventions. One intervention that would benefit from accurate segmentation is spinal needle injection. Previous spinal segmentation techniques have primarily focused on identification and separate segmentation of each vertebra.(More)