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With the rapid expansion of Internet in recent years, computer systems are facing increased number of security threats. Despite numerous technological innovations for information assurance, it is still very difficult to protect computer systems. Therefore, unwanted intrusions take place when the actual software systems are running. Different soft computing(More)
This paper presents a novel segmentation technique to extract prostate contours from Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS) images. A Sticks Filter is first used to reduce the speckle and enhance the image contrast. The problem is then discretized by projecting equispaced radii from an arbitrary seed point inside the prostate cavity towards its boundary. The(More)
This paper presents a novel segmentation technique for extracting cavity contours from ultrasound images. The problem is first discretized by projecting equispaced radii from an arbitrary seed point inside the cavity toward its boundary. The distance of the cavity boundary from the seed point is modeled by the trajectory of a moving object. The motion of(More)
We present and validate a novel registration algorithm mapping two data sets, generated from a rigid object, in the presence of Gaussian noise. The proposed method is based on the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) algorithm that is generally employed for analyzing nonlinear systems corrupted by additive Gaussian noise. First, we employ our proposed registration(More)
Rigid-body point-based registration is frequently used in computer assisted surgery to align corresponding points, or fiducials, in preoperative and intraoperative data. This alignment is mostly achieved by assuming the same homogeneous error distribution for all the points; however, due to the properties of the medical instruments used in measuring the(More)
In point-based rigid-body registration, target registration error (TRE) is an important measure of the accuracy of the performed registration. The registration's accuracy depends on the fiducial localization error (FLE) which, in turn, is due to the measurement errors in the points (fiducials) used to perform the registration. FLE may have different(More)
Segmentation of the spinal column from computed tomography (CT) images is a preprocessing step for a range of image-guided interventions. One intervention that would benefit from accurate segmentation is spinal needle injection. Previous spinal segmentation techniques have primarily focused on identification and separate segmentation of each vertebra.(More)
Image registration is a single point of failure in the image-guided computer-assisted surgery. Registration is primarily used to align and fuse the data sets taken from patient's anatomy before and during surgeries. Point-based rigid-body registration is usually performed by identifying corresponding fiducials (either natural landmarks or implanted ones) in(More)