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With the rapid expansion of Internet in recent years, computer systems are facing increased number of security threats. Despite numerous technological innovations for information assurance, it is still very difficult to protect computer systems. Therefore, unwanted intrusions take place when the actual software systems are running. Different soft computing(More)
We present and validate a novel registration algorithm mapping two data sets, generated from a rigid object, in the presence of Gaussian noise. The proposed method is based on the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) algorithm that is generally employed for analyzing nonlinear systems corrupted by additive Gaussian noise. First, we employ our proposed registration(More)
The paper presents a novel segmentation technique to extract prostate contours from transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images. A sticks filter is first used to reduce the speckle and enhance the image contrast. The problem is then discretized by projecting equispaced radii from an arbitrary seed point inside the prostate cavity towards its boundary. The distance(More)
PURPOSE In prostate brachytherapy, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is used to visualize the anatomy, while implanted seeds can be visualized by fluoroscopy. Intraoperative dosimetry optimization is possible using a combination of TRUS and fluoroscopy, but requires localization of the fluoroscopy-derived seed cloud, relative to the anatomy as seen on TRUS. The(More)
Conventional group analysis of functional MRI (fMRI) data usually involves spatial alignment of anatomy across participants by registering every brain image to an anatomical reference image. Due to the high degree of inter-subject anatomical variability, a low-resolution average anatomical model is typically used as the target template, and/or smoothing(More)
Image registration is a single point of failure in the image-guided computer-assisted surgery. Registration is primarily used to align and fuse the data sets taken from patient's anatomy before and during surgeries. Point-based rigid-body registration is usually performed by identifying corresponding fiducials (either natural landmarks or implanted ones) in(More)
This paper presents a novel segmentation technique for extracting cavity contours from ultrasound images. The problem is first discretized by projecting equispaced radii from an arbitrary seed point inside the cavity toward its boundary. The distance of the cavity boundary from the seed point is modeled by the trajectory of a moving object. The motion of(More)
Segmentation of the spinal column from computed tomography (CT) images is a preprocessing step for a range of image-guided interventions. One intervention that would benefit from accurate segmentation is spinal needle injection. Previous spinal segmentation techniques have primarily focused on identification and separate segmentation of each vertebra.(More)