Punnathanathu Gopalan Gopi

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors associated with default, failure and death among tuberculosis patients treated in a newly implemented DOTS programme in South India. DESIGN Analysis of all patients registered from May 1999 through April 2000. A community survey for active tuberculosis was underway in the area; patients identified in the community survey(More)
BACKGROUND Although case detection is above 70% in Tamil Nadu after DOTS implementation, an assessment of the timeliness of patient diagnosis and treatment is still needed. OBJECTIVE To study the health-seeking behaviour of new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients treated at government facilities. METHODS New smear-positive patients(More)
SETTING Tiruvallur District, south India. OBJECTIVES To examine gender differences in tuberculosis among adults aged >14 years with respect to infection and disease prevalence, health care service access, care seeking behaviour, diagnostic delay, convenience of directly observed treatment (DOT), stigma and treatment adherence. METHODS Data were(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors associated with relapse among cured tuberculosis (TB) patients in a DOTS programme in South India. DESIGN Sputum samples collected from a cohort of TB patients registered between April 2000 and December 2001 were examined by fluorescence microscopy for acid-fast bacilli and by culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis at 6,(More)
BACKGROUND Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures the impact of a disease by assessing the health status of patients. OBJECTIVE To assess the HRQoL of tuberculosis (TB) patients one year after treatment completion. METHODS Patients registered under the TB control programme from July 2002 to June 2003 in a TB Unit in south India were interviewed(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the independent association of risk factors age, sex, smoking and alcoholism with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in terms of prevalence odds ratio (POR). METHOD A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted from June 2001 to December 2003. A total of 93945 individuals aged > or = 15 years selected from a random sample of(More)
BACKGROUND In Tiruvallur District, South India, tuberculosis cases are detected at health facilities (HF) as part of a DOTS programme, and by screening adults through community survey (CS) as part of ongoing epidemiological research. OBJECTIVE To compare socio-demographic, clinical and bacteriological characteristics and treatment outcomes of all patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the tuberculosis (TB) situation in the tribal community of Car Nicobar island 15 years after the national TB programme was implemented in this area after an intensive phase of TB control in 1986. METHODS The entire population of Car Nicobar was enumerated through a house-to-house survey. Children aged <14 years were tuberculin tested(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate survival probabilities and identify risk factors for death of tuberculosis (TB) patients during treatment period. METHODS TB patients registered during May 1999 to December 2004 from a rural TB unit (TU) with a population of 580,000 in Tiruvallur district, South India, formed study population. Life table and Cox's regression methods(More)
UNLABELLED SET UP: One Tuberculosis Unit (TU) in Tiruvallur district, Tamil Nadu, India where Tuberculosis (TB) patients treated under Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) programme. OBJECTIVE To identify the effects of weight gain among TB patients at the end of treatment on different factors such as socio-economic and demographic(More)