Learn More
Compared to terrestrial animals, fish have to cope with more-challenging osmotic and ionic gradients from aquatic environments with diverse salinities, ion compositions, and pH values. Gills, a unique and highly studied organ in research on fish osmoregulation and ionoregulation, provide an excellent model to study the regulatory mechanisms of ion(More)
Cation-chloride cotransporters, such as the Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC) and Na(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC), are localized to the apical or basolateral plasma membranes of epithelial cells and are involved in active ion absorption or secretion. The objectives of this study were to clone and identify ;freshwater-type' and ;seawater-type'(More)
The thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC), a member of the SLC12 family, is mainly expressed in the apical membrane of the mammalian distal convoluted tubule (DCT) cells, is responsible for cotransporting Na(+) and Cl(-) from the lumen into DCT cells and plays a major role in the mammalian renal NaCl reabsorption. The NCC has also been reported(More)
The mechanism of ammonia excretion in freshwater teleosts is not well understood. In this study, scanning ion-selective electrode technique was applied to measure H(+) and NH(4)(+) fluxes in specific cells on the skin of zebrafish larvae. NH(4)(+) extrusion was relatively high in H(+) pump-rich cells, which were identified as the H(+)-secreting ionocyte in(More)
The mammalian kidney excretes its metabolic acid load through the proton-transporting cells, intercalated cells, in the distal nephron and collecting duct. Fish excrete acid through external organs, gill, or skin; however, the cellular function is still controversial. In this study, molecular and electrophysiological approaches were used to identify a novel(More)
Shu-Chen Wu, Jiun-Lin Horng, Sian-Tai Liu, Pung-Pung Hwang, Zhi-Hong Wen, Chan-Shing Lin, and Li-Yih Lin Department of Life Science, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China; and Department of Marine Biotechnology and Resources,(More)
Fish encounter harsh ionic/osmotic gradients on their aquatic environments, and the mechanisms through which they maintain internal homeostasis are more challenging compared with those of terrestrial vertebrates. Gills are one of the major organs conducting the internal ionic and acid-base regulation, with specialized ionocytes as the major cells carrying(More)
The purpose of the present work was to study the possible role of the epithelial Ca(2+) channel (ECaC) in the Ca(2+) uptake mechanism in developing zebrafish (Danio rerio). With rapid amplification of cDNA ends, full-length cDNA encoding the ECaC of zebrafish (zECaC) was cloned and sequenced. The cloned zECaC was 2,578 bp in length and encoded a protein of(More)
To clarify ion-absorbing functions and molecular mechanisms of mitochondria-rich (MR) cells, Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) were acclimated to artificial freshwaters with normal or lowered Na+ and/or Cl- concentration: (1) normal Na+/normal Cl- (control); (2) normal Na+/low Cl-; (3) low Na+/normal Cl-; and (4) low Na+/low Cl-. Scanning(More)
In mammalian nephrons, most of the Na(+) and HCO(3)(-) is reabsorbed by proximal tubular cells in which the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 3 (NHE3) is the major player. The roles of NHEs in Na(+) uptake/acid-base regulation in freshwater (FW) fish gills are still being debated. In the present study, functional genomic approaches were used to clone and sequence the(More)