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Spinal deformity and paraplegia/quadriplegia are the most common complications of tuberculosis (TB) of spine. TB of dorsal spine almost always produces kyphosis while cervical and lumbar spine shows reversal of lordosis to begin with followed by kyphosis. kyphosis continues to increase in adults when patients are treated nonoperatively or by surgical(More)
A retrospective study of the management of 23 cases of ipsilateral hip and femoral shaft fractures, between January 1998 and December 2001, is presented. All except two cases were managed by a single implant, i.e. reconstruction nail. There was delayed diagnosis of femoral neck fracture in two cases where the "miss a nail" technique was used for fixation of(More)
In vitro mechanical studies have demonstrated equal or superior fixation of pediatric femoral fractures with use of titanium elastic nails (TENS) as compared with stainless steel elastic nails (SSEN). SSEN are less expensive as compared to TENS. However, there are only two studies in the English literature which have compared the results of TENS and SSEN in(More)
Recognition of cutaneous markers of spinal dysraphism is important to prevent the morbidity associated with underlying spinal anomalies. To investigate the frequency and type of cutaneous stigmata in different forms of spinal dysraphism and to assess the role of ultrasonography and/or magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing spinal dysraphism at two(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a new endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy technique and to assess its efficacy. DESIGN Prospective, non-randomised, interventional case series. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with primary nasolacrimal duct obstruction were included. A prospective series of 226 consecutive endoscopic transnasal dacryocystorhinostomies performed between(More)
G-protein coupled inwardly rectifying potassium (GIRK) channels are effectors determining degree of analgesia experienced upon opioid receptor activation by endogenous and exogenous opioids. The impact of GIRK-related genetic variation on human pain responses has received little research attention. We used a tag single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) approach(More)