Puneet Kumar

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Glutamate is one of the most prominent neurotransmitter in the body, present in over 50% of nervous tissue and plays an important role in neuronal excitation. This neuronal excitation is short-lived and is followed by depression. Multiple abnormal triggers such as energy deficiency, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, calcium overload, etc can lead(More)
Endothelial hyperpermeability is a significant problem in vascular inflammation associated with trauma, ischaemia-reperfusion injury, sepsis, adult respiratory distress syndrome, diabetes, thrombosis and cancer. An important mechanism underlying this process is increased paracellular leakage of plasma fluid and protein. Inflammatory stimuli such as(More)
Beta-arrestins are pleiotropic molecules that mediate signal desensitization, G-protein-independent signaling, scaffolding of signaling molecules, and chemotaxis. Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2), a Galpha(q/11)-coupled receptor, which has been proposed as a therapeutic target for inflammation and cancer, requires the scaffolding function of(More)
The present study has been designed to explore the possible interaction between hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) and glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) pathway in 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced neurotoxicity in rats. 3-NP produces neurotoxicity by inhibition of the mitochondrial complex II (enzyme succinate dehydrogenase) and by sensitizing the(More)
Huntington's disease is a progressive, degenerative disease characterized by abnormal body movements called chorea, and a reduction of various mental abilities. 3-Nitropropionic acid, an inhibitor of complex II of the electron transport chain, causes Huntington's disease-like symptoms in rodents. Recently, it has been reported that oxidative stress, which(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a group of idiopathic chronic inflammatory intestinal conditions associated with various areas of the GI tract, including two types of inflammatory conditions, i.e., ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). Both UC and CD are chronic inflammatory disorders of the intestine; in UC, inflammation starts in(More)
3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP) is a well known experimental model to study Huntington's disease (HD) and associated neuropsychiatric problems. Present study has been designed to explore the protective effects of hesperidin, naringin, and their nitric oxide mechanism (if any) against 3-nitropropionic acid induced neurotoxicity in rats. Systemic(More)
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by symptoms like chorea and dementia. There is no exact therapeutic agent available to manage and cure this disease. 3-Nitropropionic acid, a neurotoxin causes gait and memory impairment which leads to oxidative damage and upsets glutathione defense in animals. 3-NP model is a useful tool to(More)
In this study the exact chromosome number, detailed meiotic behavior in pollen mother cells and pollen viability were investigated, which can contribute to a better understanding of the cytological evolution of the species growing in the cold deserts of Lahaul-Spiti (Himachal Pradesh, India). This study is the first such comprehensive attempt to explore the(More)
Huntington's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that gradually reduces memory, cognitive skills and normal movements of affected individuals. Systemic administration of 3-Nitropropionic acid induces selective striatal lesions in rodents and non-human primates. Therefore, the present study has been designed to elucidate the comparative(More)