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BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a serious worldwide public health problem, but data from developing countries are extremely limited. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS A representative sample of 13,925 adults in Beijing, China. PREDICTORS Age (18 to 39, 40 to 59, 60 to 69, and >70 years), sex, urban or(More)
BACKGROUND In the modified ATP III definition for metabolic syndrome (MS), the cut-off values for central obesity were set to > or =90 cm for male and > or =80 cm for women. Recently, a new Chinese definition for central obesity was set to > or =90 cm for male and > or =85 cm for women according to the corresponding BMI value of 25 kg/m(2). OBJECTIVE The(More)
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is high and increasing in China. The causation of this disorder is, yet, to be fully understood. Several studies with confirmatory factor analysis have been performed to investigate the core of the disease in some races other than Chinese, and amongst the other studies, they have yielded a sound model fit. This study was to(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE This research examined the association of baseline pulmonary function with future quality of life (QOL). METHODS We collected baseline pulmonary function data in 1993 and 1994, and assessed QOL using the Chinese 35-Item Quality of Life Instrument in 2002 in a cohort of 1,356 participants. We used Pearson correlation analysis, multivariate(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether ethnic disparity of the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) exists among native Chinese and American ethnicities. METHODS A stratified multistage clustered screening for CKD performed in Beijing in 2006 was compared with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2006(More)
BACKGROUND The reference value of urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) has racial disparities. The ACR reference value in a healthy Beijing population is reported. METHODS A reference Beijing population was sampled via a multistage, clustered complex sampling method. By excluding subjects with self-reported kidney disease, hypertension, diabetes,(More)
In China, few people are aware of the amount and source of their salt intake. We conducted a survey to investigate the consumption and sources of dietary salt using the "one-week salt estimation method" by weighing cooking salt and major salt-containing food, and estimating salt intake during dining out based on established evidence. Nine hundred and three(More)
BACKGROUND Efficacy of basal insulin (BI) has been well studied by randomized controlled trials, but the impact of BI on glycemic control in the real world has not been well documented. The Observational Registry for BI Treatment (ORBIT) study is designed to evaluate the real-life outcomes of BI in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS Participants with type 2(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The objective of this study is to determine if and how cerebral blood flow velocity and stroke risk factors are related in a stroke free population. METHODS This cross-sectional study recruited 1323 stroke-free subjects, aged 42-73 years, from a county region in China. Systolic blood flow velocities in cerebral arteries were(More)
AIMS To examine treatment patterns following basal insulin (BI) introduction in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients under real-world conditions across China. MATERIALS AND METHODS Overall, 18 995 patients inadequately controlled (HbA1c ≥ 53 mmol/mol [7%]) with oral antihyperglycaemic drugs (OADs) and willing to receive BI treatment were registered at(More)