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Rice is the most important cereal crop. In the next three decades, the world will need to produce about 60% more rice than today's global production to feed the extra billion people. Nitrogen is the major nutrient limiting rice production. Development of fertilizer-responsive varieties in the Green Revolution, coupled with the realization by farmers of the(More)
BACKGROUND Mass spectrometry (MS) is a suitable technology for microorganism identification and characterization. CONTENT This review summarizes the MS-based methods currently used for the analyses of pathogens. Direct analysis of whole pathogenic microbial cells using MS without sample fractionation reveals specific biomarkers for taxonomy and provides(More)
Cholinesterases use a Glu-His-Ser catalytic triad to enhance the nucleophilicity of the catalytic serine. We have previously shown by proton NMR that horse serum butyryl cholinesterase, like serine proteases, forms a short, strong hydrogen bond (SSHB) between the Glu-His pair upon binding mechanism-based inhibitors, which form tetrahedral adducts, analogous(More)
Legume-rhizobial interactions culminate in the formation of structures known as nodules. In this specialized niche, rhizobia are insulated from microbial competition and fix nitrogen which becomes directly available to the legume plant. It has been a long-standing goal in the field of biological nitrogen fixation to extend the nitrogen-fixing symbiosis to(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) has become an important technique to identify microbial biomarkers. The rapid and accurate MS identification of microorganisms without any extensive pretreatment of samples is now possible. This review summarizes MS methods that are currently utilized in microbial analyses. Affinity methods are effective to clean, enrich, and(More)
Cholinesterases (ChE), use a Glu-His-Ser catalytic triad to enhance the nucleophilicity of the catalytic serine. It has been shown that serine proteases, which employ an Asp-His-Ser catalytic triad for optimal catalytic efficiency, decrease the hydrogen bonding distance between the Asp-His pair to form a short, strong hydrogen bond (SSHB) upon binding(More)
Microwave-assisted proteolytic digestion methods have evolved into a highly effective approach and serve as an alternative to conventional overnight digestion. This approach typically exploits the unique microwave properties to facilitate the digestion of proteins into their peptides within minutes. Conventional digestion is carried out at 37°C while(More)
Reactions of [RuCl2(DMSO)4] with some of the biologically active macrocyclic Schiff base ligands containing N4 and N2O2 donor group yielded a number of stable complexes, effecting complete displacement of DMSO groups from the complex. The interaction of tetradentate ligand with [RuCl2(DMSO)4] gave neutral complexes of the type [RuCl2(L)] [where(More)
Microwave-assisted proteolytic digestion often yields misscleaved peptides, attributed to incomplete hydrolysis reactions between enzymes and substrates. The number of missed cleavages is an important parameter in proteome database searching. This study investigates how various factors affect digestion processes. Optimum conditions for microwave-assisted(More)
With the aim of obtaining novel biologically active compounds, we have synthesized a series of mono, bis-2-o-arylideneaminophenylbenzimidazoles and a second series of corresponding mono, bis-6-arylbenzimidazo[1,2-c]quinazolines respectively. The target benzimidazo[1,2-c]quinazoline compounds were obtained by the condensation of(More)