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Kidney is a vital organ with high energy demands to actively maintain plasma hemodynamics, electrolytes and water homeostasis. Among the nephron segments, the renal tubular epithelium is endowed with high mitochondria density for their function in active transport. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important clinical syndrome and a global public health issue(More)
Mesangial cell apoptosis has been proposed as a means of resolution of glomerular hypercellularity in proliferative forms of glomerular disease. We previously demonstrated that adenosine causes mesangial cell apoptosis by stimulating the A3-type adenosine receptor. This is a G protein-coupled receptor shown to activate kinases involved in apoptotic(More)
Overproduction of superoxide (O2*) occurs in glomerular disease and may overwhelm the capacity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), thereby intensifying oxidant injury by O2* and related radical species that disrupt the glomerular capillary permeability barrier to protein. We examined the efficacy of the SOD mimetic tempol in preserving glomerular permeability to(More)
Mitsugumin 53 (MG53) negatively regulates skeletal myogenesis by targeting insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1). Here, we show that MG53 is an ubiquitin E3 ligase that induces IRS-1 ubiquitination with the help of an E2-conjugating enzyme, UBE2H. Molecular manipulations that disrupt the E3-ligase function of MG53 abolish IRS-1 ubiquitination and enhance(More)
Induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is a key defense mechanism against oxidative stress. Compared with tubules, glomeruli are refractory to HO-1 upregulation in response to injury. This can be a disadvantage as it may be associated with insufficient production of cytoprotective heme-degradation metabolites. We, therefore, explored whether 1) targeted HO-1(More)
In glomerular immune injury, the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) becomes a major catalyst of NO production. Although iNOS-catalyzed NO production is sustained and can be cytotoxic, iNOS inhibition exacerbates the magnitude of proteinuria that accompanies immune injury. To investigate putative mechanisms of this effect, we assessed changes(More)
Injury to lung epithelial cells has a role in multiple lung diseases. We previously identified mitsugumin 53 (MG53) as a component of the cell membrane repair machinery in striated muscle cells. Here we show that MG53 also has a physiological role in the lung and may be used as a treatment in animal models of acute lung injury. Mice lacking MG53 show(More)
The state of cellular chromatin in response to DNA damage has been examined by monitoring the change in the linking number of circular episomes. COS cells transfected with an SV40-based vector were treated with camptothecin (CPT), a eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) poison which induces TOP1-mediated DNA damage. Within minutes, a large increase in the(More)