Prudence Talbot

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The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of acute exposure to mainstream (MS) and sidestream (SS) smoke solutions on oocyte cumulus complex pick-up rate in explants of hamster oviducts using a newly developed in vitro assay. Experiments were performed in handmade perfusion chambers using infundibula from hamster oviducts and oocyte cumulus(More)
Recent studies have extended our knowledge regarding the contents of mammalian cortical granules (CG) and their function in postfertilization events. Cytochemical staining has demonstrated the presence of carbohydrates within mammalian CG, and lectin-binding studies have shown that these carbohydrates include alpha-D-mannose, alpha-D-GalNAc, and galactose(More)
Adhesion between the oocyte-cumulus complex and infundibulum plays an important, but poorly understood, role in oocyte pick-up. The purposes of this study were to determine which components of the oocyte-cumulus complex and oviductal epithelium function in adhesion, to measure adhesion under physiological conditions, and to examine the effect of modulation(More)
A triple-stain technique has been developed to score normal acrosome-reacted human sperm in fixed smears. Live and dead sperm are first differentiated using the vital stain trypan blue. Sperm are then fixed in glutaraldehyde, dried onto slides, and the postacrosomal region and acrosome are differentiated using Bismark brown and Rose Bengal. Slides are(More)
All vertebrates have an egg shell that surrounds ovulated eggs and plays critical roles in gamete recognition. This extracellular matrix is known as the zona pellucida in eutherian mammals and consists of three glycoproteins, ZP1, ZP2 and ZP3 in the mouse. To investigate the role of ZP1 in fertilization and early development, we have used targeted(More)
Extracellular matrices (ECM) present around unfertilized and fertilized mammalian oocytes were studied ultrastructurally in samples prepared in the presence of ruthenium red to facilitate stabilization of extracellular materials. Unfertilized mouse, hamster, and human oocytes have an ECM comprising granules and filaments in their perivitelline spaces (PVS).(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify specific cortical granule protein(s) that form the cortical granule envelope and examine their role(s) in fertilization and preimplantation development. The polyclonal antibody A-BL2 was used to show that the cortical granules of mice, rats, hamsters, cows, and pigs contain a pair of proteins designated p62/p56.(More)
The oviduct is an exquisitely designed organ that functions in picking-up ovulated oocytes, transporting gametes in opposite directions to the site of fertilization, providing a suitable environment for fertilization and early development, and transporting preimplantation embryos to the uterus. A variety of biological processes can be studied in oviducts(More)
Epidemiological data support a correlation between smoking and increased incidence of ectopic pregnancy, yet the causal mechanism responsible for this relationship is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of solutions containing dissolved mainstream (MS) or sidestream (SS) cigarette smoke on ciliary beat frequencies (CBF) in explants(More)