Promod R Pratap

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The Na+/K(+)-ATPase couples the hydrolysis of ATP to the transport of Na+ and K+ via a phosphorylated intermediate and conformational changes. In order to identify these conformational changes, we have probed the sequence of steps from EP(3Na+ in) to EP + 3Na+ out with three fluorescent probes (IAF: 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein; BIPM:(More)
The Na+/K(+)-ATPase functions in cells to couple energy from the hydrolysis of ATP to the transport Na+ out and K+ in. The fluorescent probe IAF (iodoacetamidofluorescein) covalently binds to this enzyme, reporting conformational changes without inhibiting enzyme activity. This paper describes experiments using dog kidney enzyme labeled with IAF to examine(More)
Conformational changes between E1 and E2 enzyme forms of a dog kidney Na+/K(+)-ATPase preparation labeled with 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein were followed with a stopped-flow fluorimeter, in terms of the rate constant, kobs, and the steady-state magnitude, % delta F of fluorescence change. On rapid mixing of enzyme plus Mg2+ plus Na+ with saturating (0.5 mM)(More)
This series of papers addresses the mechanism by which certain impermeant oxonol dyes respond to membrane-potential changes, denoted delta Em. Hemispherical oxidized cholesterol bilayer membranes provided a controlled model membrane system for determining the dependence of the light absorption signal from the dye on parameters such as the wavelength and(More)
The white-noise method of system identification has been applied to the transient light-growth response of a set of seven mutants of Phycomyces with abnormal phototropism, affected in genes madA to madG. The Wiener kernels, which represent the input-output relation of the light-growth response, have been evaluated for each of these mutants and the wild-type(More)
The light-growth response of the Phycomyces sporangiophore was studied further with the sum-of-sinusoids method of nonlinear system identification. The first- and second-order frequency kernels, which represent the input-output relation of the system, were determined at 12 wavelengths (383-529 nm) and 4 temperatures (17 degrees, 20 degrees, 23 degrees, and(More)
The light-growth responses of Phycomyces behavioral mutants, defective in genes madB, madC, and madH, were studied with the sum-of-sinusoids method of system identification. Modified phototropic action spectra of these mutants have indicated that they have altered photoreceptors (P. Galland and E.D. Lipson, 1985, Photochem. Photobiol. 41:331). In the two(More)
The light-growth response of Phycomyces has been studied with the sum-of-sinusoids method of nonlinear system identification (Victor, J.D., and R.M. Shapley, 1980, Biophys. J., 29:459). This transient response of the sporangiophore has been treated as a black-box system with one input (logarithm of the light intensity, I) and one output (elongation rate).(More)
Adding 15 mM free Mg2+ decreased Vmax of the Na+/K(+)-ATPase reaction. Mg2+ also decreased the K0.5 for K+ activation, as a mixed inhibitor, but the increased inhibition at higher K+ concentrations diminished as the Na+ concentration was raised. Inhibition was greater with Rb+ but less with Li+ when these cations substituted for K+ at pH 7.5, while at pH(More)