Professor B. Matthews

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1. Nerve impulses were recorded from spindle afferents of the soleus muscle during sinusoidal changes in muscle length at frequencies from 0.03 to 300 c/s. This was done in the decerebrate cat with intact motor outflow and ;spontaneous' fusimotor activity. Computer averaging over a number of cycles was used to measure the response, in impulses/sec, at(More)
When vibration of 100 hertz was applied to the tendon of the biceps or the triceps muscle, the subject made a systematic misjudgment of the angle at the elbow. During contraction the error could be as much as 40 degrees. The subject thought that the elbow was in the position that it would have assumed if the vibrated muscle had been stretched.
1. Longitudinal vibration was applied to the de-efferented soleus muscle of anaesthetized cats while recording the discharge of single afferent fibres from the proprioceptors within the muscle. Conditions were defined under which vibration can be used to excite selectively the primary endings of muscle spindles without exciting the secondary endings of(More)
1. Interspike interval distributions from human motor units of a variety of muscles were analysed to assess the role of synaptic noise in excitation. The time course of the underlying post-spike after-hyperpolarization (AHP) was deduced by applying a specially developed transform to the interval data. Different firing rates were studied both by varying the(More)
1. Single fusimotor fibres were stimulated repetitively to test their action on the responsiveness of muscle spindle primary endings in the cat soleus to sinusoidal stretching of both large and small amplitude. Frequencies of 0.06-4 Hz were used at amplitudes from 10 mum to 3 mm.2. The response was assessed by fitting a sinusoid to the cycle histogram of(More)
Using surface electromyography the reflex response of flexor carpi radialis elicited by forcibly dorsiflexing the wrist was compared with that elicited by applying vibration percutaneously to its tendon. This was done both in patients with Parkinson's disease and in normal subjects. The reflexes were elicited on top of a pre-existing voluntary contraction(More)