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Groups of 18 hens, 230 days of age, were housed in each of three climatic chambers with light schedules of 14L:10D. One was maintained at a constant temperature of 23.9 C, the second was cycled between 15.6 and 37.7 C (mean, 26.7 C), and the third was cycled between 21.1 and 37.7 C (mean, 29.4 C). In Experiment 1, the high temperature peaked during the dark(More)
The impact of different carcinogenic exposures on the specific patterns of somatic mutation in human tumors remains unclear. To address this issue, we profiled 209 cholangiocarcinomas (CCAs) from Asia and Europe, including 108 cases caused by infection with the liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini and 101 cases caused by non-O. viverrini-related etiologies.(More)
Incubator-hatched squabs were hand fed slurries containing 14% diet and 86% water by weight for the 1st 4 days, followed by 20% diet and 80% water for the next 2 to 3 days. From Days 7 to 28, the slurry contained 25% diet and 75% water. A diet containing about 61% isolated soybean protein, 8.9% soybean oil, 21.5% glucose, 4% CaHPO4.2H2O, and 1.3% CaCO3(More)
Cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) responses are likely to be important for the clearance of a measles virus (MV) infection. To induce CTL responses. replicating vectors have generally been used but the use of such vectors in humans mav be problematic, and immunization with synthetic peptides may be more appropriate. We have investigated the potential of(More)
The immunogenicity of a cytotoxic T cell epitope (CTL) representing residues 52-60 from measles virus (MV) nucleoprotein, encapsulated in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) microparticles was evaluated after mucosal immunization. After intranasal administration of the encapsulated CTL epitope linked at the carboxyl terminus of two copies of a T-helper epitope(More)