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BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components. It is unclear whether treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) would modify these outcomes. METHODS In our double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned patients(More)
The case of a 7-year-old female with a congenital left main coronary arteriovenous fistula to the right superior cavo-atrial junction, presenting with congestive cardiac failure, is reported for its rarity. The surgical importance of this anomaly is highlighted.
PURPOSE Composition of the coronary artery plaque is known to have critical role in heart attack. While calcified plaque can easily be diagnosed by conventional CT, it fails to distinguish between fibrous and lipid rich plaques. In the present paper, the authors discuss the experimental techniques and obtain a numerical algorithm by which the electron(More)
Myocardial tuberculosis is an infrequent disease. Until now, the diagnosis has largely been made at necropsy. Only a few reports describe the antemortem diagnosis of myocardial tuberculosis. We describe the MRI features in a 12-year-old boy with myocardial tuberculoma of the right atrium. He also had intracerebral tuberculoma. The diagnosis was later(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of disease activity in patients with Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is difficult due to absence of definitive tests. Presence of carotid intima-medial thickening has been suggested as a possible marker of inflammation and disease activity. METHODS We evaluated common carotid artery carotid intima-medial thickness (CCA-IMT) in 56 common(More)
A 28-year-old woman with congenital aneurysm of the left atrial appendage was successfully treated by aneurysmectomy and is reported for its rarity. The exact diagnosis is relatively easy to make by contrast echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and/or computerised tomographic angiography, provided the possibility is entertained. Because of(More)
Congenital apical left ventricular aneurysm is a rare clinical entity that is different from congenital left ventricular diverticulum. This aneurysm usually occurs as an isolated anomaly. Its clinical presentation varies, and it is usually diagnosed by exclusion. Herein, we report the case of a 54-year-old man who experienced progressively increasing(More)
BACKGROUND Amplatzer vascular plugs (AVPs) are devices ideally suited to close medium-to-large vascular communications. There is limited published literature regarding the utility of AVPs in congenital cardiovascular malformations (CCVMs). AIMS To describe the use of AVPs in different CCVMs and to evaluate their safety and efficacy. MATERIALS AND(More)
Criss cross pulmonary arteries is a rare entity characterized by classic malposition of pulmonary arteries. It may be associated with other conotruncal malformations and genetic syndromes. This report describes a case of crisscross pulmonary arteries associated with anomalous pulmonary venous return, an association which has never been reported before in(More)