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PURPOSE Intercellular Ca(2+) wave propagation is a distinct form of cell-cell communication. In corneal endothelial cells, intercellular Ca(2+) wave propagation evoked by a point mechanical stimulus (PMS) is partially mediated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release and subsequent activation of P2Y receptors. This study was conducted to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Besides its role in neuronal growth and differentiation, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated in the control of peristalsis where it serves to enhance gastrointestinal motility. AIM To unravel the cellular mechanisms governing BDNF's effect on motility. METHODS Studies were performed in primary myenteric neuron(More)
Gap junctions and/or paracrine mediators, such as ATP, mediate intercellular communication (IC) in non-excitable cells. This study investigates the contribution of gap junctions toward IC during propagation of Ca(2+) waves in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells (BCEC) elicited by applying a point mechanical stimulus to a single cell in a confluent(More)
PURPOSE Intercellular communication (IC) in nonexcitable cells is mediated through gap junctions and/or through the release of paracrine mediators. This study was conducted to investigate adenosine-5' triphosphate (ATP)-dependent paracrine IC in the propagation of Ca2+ waves in confluent monolayers of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells (BCECs). (More)
The regulation of neuromediator expression by neuronal activity in the enteric nervous system (ENS) is currently unknown. Using primary cultures of ENS derived from rat embryonic intestine, we have characterized the regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), a key enzyme involved in the synthesis of dopamine. Depolarization induced either by 40 mm KCl,(More)
The morphological correlate of deafness is the loss of hair cells with subsequent degeneration of spiral ganglion neurons (SGN). Neurotrophic factors have a neuroprotective effect, and especially brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been demonstrated to protect SGN in vitro and after ototoxic trauma in vivo. Erythropoietin (EPO) attenuates hair cell(More)
The importance of dynamic interactions between glia and neurons is increasingly recognized, both in the central and enteric nervous system. However, apart from their protective role, little is known about enteric neuro-glia interaction. The aim was to investigate neuro-glia intercellular communication in a mouse culture model using optical techniques.(More)
We investigated the effect of high glucose and modulation of protein kinase C (PKC) on the intercellular propagation of Ca(2+)-waves in a rat retinal pigment epithelial cell line (RPE-J cells) in order to compare its properties with the properties previously investigated in primary LE-RPE cells. The intercellular propagation of the Ca(2+)-waves in RPE-J(More)
Enteric glial cells (EGCs) are essential in the control of gastrointestinal functions. Although lesions of EGCs are associated with neuronal degeneration in animal models, their direct neuroprotective role remains unknown. Therefore, the aims of this study were to demonstrate the direct neuroprotective effects of EGCs and to identify putative glial(More)
Degeneration of spiral ganglion cells (SGC) after deafness and fibrous tissue growth around the electrode carrier after cochlear implantation are two of the major challenges in current cochlear implant research. Metal ions are known to possess antimicrobial and antiproliferative potential. The use of metal ions could therefore provide a way to reduce tissue(More)
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