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Developing sympathetic neurons depend on NGF for survival. When sympathetic neurons are deprived of NGF in vitro, a well documented series of events, including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway activation, release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria, and caspase activation, culminates in the death of the neuron by apoptosis within 24-48 h. This(More)
The discovery of a relationship for the VHL tumor suppressor gene, hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha, and vascular endothelial growth factor in the growth of clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has identified a pathway for novel targeted therapy. This study evaluated the impact of these agents on metastatic RCC (mRCC), and highlights recent phase II and(More)
We have developed an explant culture technique, using the retinae of newborn guinea pigs, that reliably yields cultures of Müller cells showing uniform morphology and phenotype. Since the guinea pig retina is avascular and lacks astrocytes, Müller cells are the only glial cell-type and the only vimentin-positive population present. Virtually all passaged(More)
Image inpainting was historically done manually by painters for removing defect from paintings and photographs. Fill the region of missing information from a signal using surrounding information and reform signal is the basic work of inpainting algorithms. Here in this paper we have studied and reviewed many different algorithms present for doing image(More)
Image Inpainting is technique in which mainly used to filling the region which are damaged and want to recover from unwanted object by collecting the information from the neighbouring pixels. Image inpainting technique has been widely used for reconstructing damaged old photographs and removing unwanted objects from images. In this paper, we present an(More)
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