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The Arabidopsis protein RPM1 activates disease resistance in response to Pseudomonas syringae proteins targeted to the inside of the host cell via the bacterial type III delivery system. We demonstrate that specific mutations in the ATP-binding domain of a single Arabidopsis cytosolic HSP90 isoform compromise RPM1 function. These mutations do not affect the(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of naturally occurring plant steroidal compounds with wide-ranging biological activity that offer the unique possibility of increasing crop yields through both changing plant metabolism and protecting plants from environmental stresses. In recent years, genetic and biochemical studies have established an essential role for(More)
The 90-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90) is an essential molecular chaperone in eukaryotic cells, with key roles in the folding and activation of proteins involved in signal transduction and control of the cell cycle. A search for Hsp90 sequences in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome revealed that this family includes 7 members. The AtHsp90-1 through AtHsp90-4(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) play crucial roles in plant development and also promote tolerance to a range of abiotic stresses. Although much has been learned about their roles in plant development, the mechanisms by which BRs control plant stress responses and regulate stress-responsive gene expression are not fully known. Since BR interacts with other plant(More)
Brassinosteroids are plant growth-promoting compounds that exhibit structural similarities to animal steroid hormones. Recent studies have indicated that brassinosteroids are essential for proper plant development. In addition to a role in development, several lines of evidence suggest that brassinosteroids exert anti-stress effects on plants. However, the(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of naturally occurring plant steroidal compounds with wide ranging biological activity. Because BRs control several important agronomic traits such as flowering time, plant architecture, seed yield and stress tolerance, the genetic manipulation of BR biosynthesis, conversion or perception offers a unique possibility of(More)
The 90-kD molecular chaperone hsp90 is the key component of a multiprotein chaperone complex that facilitates folding, stabilization, and functional modulation of a number of signaling proteins. The components of the animal chaperone complex include hsp90, hsp70, hsp40, Hop, and p23. The animal Hop functions to link hsp90 and hsp70, and it can also inhibit(More)
In addition to an essential role in plant development, brassinosteroids (BRs) appear to have the ability to protect plants against various environmental stresses. However, studies confirming the ability of BRs to modulate plant responses to different environmental stresses are lacking. Earlier we had demonstrated that treatment with 24-epibrassinolide(More)
The small acidic protein p23 is best described as a co-chaperone of Hsp90, an essential molecular chaperone in eukaryotes. p23 binds to the ATP-bound form of Hsp90 and stabilizes the Hsp90–client protein complex by slowing down ATP turnover. The stabilizing activity of p23 was first characterized in studies of steroid receptor–Hsp90 complexes. Earlier(More)
The essential eukaryotic molecular chaperone Hsp90 operates with the help of different co-chaperones, which regulate its ATPase activity and serve as adaptors to recruit client proteins and other molecular chaperones, such as Hsp70, to the Hsp90 complex. Several Hsp90 and Hsp70 co-chaperones contain the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain, which interacts(More)