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Clathrin (8 S) and coated vesicles have been covalently labeled by using the sulfhydryl-labeling fluorescent probe N-(1-anilinonaphthalene)maleimide. A large increase in energy transfer from Trp to anilinonaphthalene (AN) residues was observed in clathrin in the pH range approximately 6.5-6.0, where the rate of clathrin self-association increased rapidly.(More)
A method of preparing homogeneous coated vesicles that eliminates the high sucrose concentrations heretofore used is presented. It is shown that sucrose at high concentrations dissociates the coat from coated vesicles. This reaction can explain the presence of empty coats observed with preparations obtained with high concentrations of sucrose. The protein(More)
The free energy transfer of several N-acetyl(glycine)n ethyl esters (n = 1-3) and side chain derivatives (Ala, Val, Nva, Leu, Nle, and Phe) from water to urea and guanidine hydrochloride solutions has been determined from the solubility and distribution coefficients of these compounds between aqueous and nonaqueous phases. These uncharged model peptides,(More)
The circular dichrotic spectra of alpha-globulin have been obtained under various solution conditions of sodium dodecyl sulfate, acid, alkali, urea and guanidine hydrochloride. The protein in phosphate buffer pH 7.4, 0.2 M has about 25% beta-structure and 5% alpha-helix, the rest being aperiodic or irregular structure. Sodium dodecyl sulfate induced more(More)
Given the fundamental role of water in governing the biochemistry of enzymes, and in regulating their wider biological activity (e.g., by local water concentration surrounding biomolecules), the influence of extraneous electric and electromagnetic (e/m) fields thereon is of central relevance to biophysics and, more widely, biology. With the increase in(More)
Clathrin has been prepared from human and bovine brains by a rapid technique which does not require sucrose gradient centrifugation. The promoter molecule which is obtained has the ability to polymerize and form protein coats, i.e., so-called cages or baskets, which resemble the structures observed in coated vesicles. The polymerization of clathrin to form(More)
The effects of pH, ionic strength, temperature, and protein concentration on the rate of clathrin (8 S) polymerization to form coat (or basket) structures (approximately 300 S) have been measured by turbidity. The extent of polymerization has also been evaluated under the same experimental conditions by analytical centrifugation. The characteristic(More)
The effects of several divalent cations, various polybasic amines, and lysozyme on the rate of polymerization of 8S clathrin to the 300S coat structure have been evaluated by turbidimetric procedures. Ca2+ and Mn2+ strongly enhance the rate of polymerization. Only spermine among the naturally occurring polybasic amines had an important effect. Of the(More)