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STUDY DESIGN Traction was applied to muscles attaching to the posterior and middle layers of lumbar fascia (PLF, MLF). Effects on fasciae were determined via tensile force measures and movement of markers. OBJECTIVES To document tensile transmission to the PLF and MLF when traction was applied to latissimus dorsi (LD), gluteus maximus (GM), external and(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which the abdominal muscles move and control the lumbosacral spine are not clearly understood. Descriptions of abdominal morphology are also conflicting and the regional anatomy of these muscles has not been comprehensively examined. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphology of regions of transversus abdominis and(More)
In the present investigation, suitability of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometry for total stool fat quantification in patients with normal or impaired exocrine pancreatic function (chronic pancreatitis) has been analyzed in comparison with a conventional chloroform-methanol extraction technique. Basic temperature-dependence studies of NMR(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biomechanical study of unembalmed human lumbar segments. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of tensioning the lumbar fasciae (transversus abdominis [TrA]) aponeurosis) on segment stiffness during flexion and extension. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Animal and human studies suggest that TrA may influence intersegmental movement via tension in(More)
The anatomy of the middle layer of lumbar fascia (MLF) is of biomechanical interest and potential clinical relevance, yet it has been inconsistently described. Avulsion fractures of the lumbar transverse processes (LxTP's) are traditionally attributed to traction from psoas major or quadratus lumborum (QL), rather than transversus abdominis (TrA) acting via(More)
Biomechanical models predict that recruitment of gluteus maximus (GMax) will exert a compressive force across the sacroiliac joint (SIJ), yet this muscle requires morphologic assessment. The aims of this study were to document GMax's proximal attachments and assess their capacity to generate forces including compressive force at the SIJ. In 11 embalmed(More)
Chronic groin pain is a common complaint for athletes participating in sports that involve repetitive sprinting, kicking or twisting movements, such as Australian Rules football, soccer and ice hockey. It is frequently a multifactorial condition that presents a considerable challenge for the treating sports medicine practitioner. To better understand the(More)
The objectives of this study were to investigate the anatomical relationship between the proximal adductor longus (AL) and rectus abdominis muscles and to determine whether unilateral loading of AL results in strain transmission across the anterior pubic symphysis to the contralateral distal rectus sheath. Bilateral dissections were conducted on 10 embalmed(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biomechanical experiment. OBJECTIVE The aims of the present study were to test the effect of fascial tension on lumbar segmental axial rotation and lateral flexion and the effect of the angle of fascial attachment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Tension in the middle layer of lumbar fascia has been demonstrated to affect mechanical properties(More)