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BACKGROUND Although numerous mouse models of breast carcinomas have been developed, we do not know the extent to which any faithfully represent clinically significant human phenotypes. To address this need, we characterized mammary tumor gene expression profiles from 13 different murine models using DNA microarrays and compared the resulting data to those(More)
The contribution of prolactin (PRL) to the pathogenesis and progression of human breast cancer at the cellular, transgenic, and epidemiological levels is increasingly appreciated. Acting at the endocrine and autocrine/paracrine levels, PRL functions to stimulate the growth and motility of human breast cancer cells. The actions of this ligand are mediated by(More)
The expression of the proto-oncogene c-myc is frequently deregulated, via multiple mechanisms, in human breast cancers. Deregulated expression of c-myc contributes to mammary epithelial cell transformation and is causally involved in mammary tumorigenesis in MMTV-c-myc transgenic mice. c-Myc is known to promote cellular proliferation, apoptosis, genomic(More)
STAT5 consists of two proteins, STAT5A/B, that impact mammary cell differentiation, proliferation, and survival. In normal development, STAT5 expression and activity are regulated by prolactin signaling with JAK2/ELF5, EGF signaling networks that include c-Src, and growth hormone, insulin growth factor, estrogen, and progesterone signaling pathways. In(More)
A conditional mouse model of time-dependent dysplasia reversal demonstrated that reversal and differentiation of dysplastic salivary gland tissue at the 4-month reversible stage was characterized by the appearance of a phosphorylated slower mobility form of Differentiation Related Transcription Factor 1-polypeptide-1 that was correlated with cellular(More)
The disruption of cell cycle regulation is associated with developmental abnormalities and tumorigenesis. The SV4O large T antigen (Tag) interferes with cell cycle control by interacting with the pRb family and p53. Mice carrying a transgene composed of the whey acidic protein (WAP) gene promoter and the Tag coding sequence express Tag during pregnancy and(More)
The role of viral oncoprotein expression in the maintenance of cellular transformation was examined as a function of time through controlled expression of simian virus 40 T antigen (TAg). Expression of TAg in the submandibular gland of transgenic mice from the time of birth induced cellular transformation and extensive ductal hyperplasia by 4 months of age.(More)
Mammary gland involution is a physiological process in which the entire organ is remodeled through the process of apoptosis. Apoptosis of secretory alveolar cells is initiated at the time of weaning, followed by the collapse and disappearance of the entire lobuloalveolar compartment. While apoptotic figures were rare in mammary epithelium of lactating mice,(More)
Diversity in the pathophysiology of breast cancer frustrates therapeutic progress. We need to understand how mechanisms activated by specific combinations of oncogenes, tumor suppressors, and hormonal signaling pathways govern response to therapy and prognosis. A recent series of investigations conducted by Chodosh and colleagues offers new insights into(More)
Factors associated with increased estrogen synthesis increase breast cancer risk. Increased aromatase and estrogen receptor a (ERa) in both normal epithelium and ductal carcinoma in situ lesions are found in conjunction with breast cancer, leading to the idea that altered estrogen signaling pathways predispose the mammary gland to cancer development. Here,(More)