Priscilla A. Furth

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Although numerous mouse models of breast carcinomas have been developed, we do not know the extent to which any faithfully represent clinically significant human phenotypes. To address this need, we characterized mammary tumor gene expression profiles from 13 different murine models using DNA microarrays and compared the resulting data to those from human(More)
To delete genes specifically from mammary tissue using the Cre-lox system, we have established transgenic mice expressing Cre recombinase under control of the WAP gene promoter and the MMTV LTR. Cre activity in these mice was evaluated by three criteria. First, the tissue distribution of Cre mRNA was analyzed. Second, an adenovirus carrying a reporter gene(More)
The contribution of prolactin (PRL) to the pathogenesis and progression of human breast cancer at the cellular, transgenic, and epidemiological levels is increasingly appreciated. Acting at the endocrine and autocrine/paracrine levels, PRL functions to stimulate the growth and motility of human breast cancer cells. The actions of this ligand are mediated by(More)
Breast cancer is a chief cause of cancer-related mortality that affects women worldwide. About 8% of cases are hereditary, and approximately half of these are associated with germline mutations of the breast tumor suppressor gene BRCA1 (refs. 1,2). We have previously reported a mouse model in which Brca1 exon 11 is eliminated in mammary epithelial cells(More)
Programmed cell death (PCD) of mammary alveolar cells during involution commences within hours of the end of suckling. Locally, milk accumulates within alveolar lumens; systemically, levels of lactogenic hormones fall. Four experimental models were used to define the role of local factors as compared with systemic hormones during the first and second stages(More)
Promoters whose temporal activity can be directly manipulated in transgenic animals provide a tool for the study of gene functions in vivo. We have evaluated a tetracycline-responsive binary system for its ability to temporally control gene expression in transgenic mice. In this system, a tetracycline-controlled trans-activator protein (tTA), composed of(More)
Molecular mechanisms of development and disease can be studied in transgenic animals. Controlling the spatial and temporal expression patterns of transgenes, however, is a prerequisite for the elucidation of gene function in the whole organism. Previously we reported that mice carrying a tetR/VP16 hybrid gene (tTA), under the control of the human(More)
The effect of pregnancy on postweaning mammary gland involution was investigated in mice. On the third day after forced weaning at Lactation Day 10, the apoptotic index was 56% lower in mammary tissue of mice that were pregnant at the time of weaning than in nonpregnant mice. Conversely, the bromodeoxyuridine-labeling index was increased sevenfold in(More)
Breast tumor suppressor gene 1 (BRCA1) plays an essential role in maintaining genomic integrity. Here we show that mouse Brca1 is required for DNA-damage repair and crossing-over during spermatogenesis. Male Brca1(Delta11/Delta11)p53(+/-) mice that carried a homozygous deletion of Brca1 exon 11 and a p53 heterozygous mutation had significantly reduced(More)
Expression of bovine papillomavirus type 1 (BPV-1) late genes is limited to terminally differentiated keratinocytes in an infected epithelium. We have previously shown that although the BPV-1 late polyadenylation site is functional in nonpermissive cells, a 53-nucleotide (nt) fragment of the late 3' untranslated region acts posttranscriptionally to reduce(More)