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Microelectrode recordings were used to investigate the tonotopic organization of auditory cortex of macaque monkeys and guide the placement of injections of wheat germ agglutinin-horse radish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) and fluorescent dyes. Anatomical and physiological results were later related to histological distinctions in the same brains after sections were(More)
After limited sensory deafferentations in adult primates, somatosensory cortical maps reorganize over a distance of 1 to 2 millimeters mediolaterally, that is, in the dimension along which different body parts are represented. This amount of reorganization was considered to be an upper limit imposed by the size of the projection zones of individual(More)
Retinal cells have been induced to project into the medial geniculate nucleus, the principal auditory thalamic nucleus, in newborn ferrets by reduction of targets of retinal axons in one hemisphere and creation of alternative terminal space for these fibers in the auditory thalamus. Many cells in the medial geniculate nucleus are then visually driven, have(More)
Area 2 is a traditional architectonic subdivision of anterior parietal cortex in macaque monkeys, but its overall somatotopic organization and responsiveness to different types of somatic stimuli are poorly understood, and there are uncertainties concerning its rostral and caudal extent. The goals of the present study were to define the rostral and caudal(More)
The prevailing hierarchical model of cortical sensory processing holds that early processing is specific to individual modalities and that combination of information from different modalities is deferred until higher-order stages of processing. In this paper, we present physiological evidence of multisensory convergence at an early stage of cortical(More)
1. Selective ablations of the hand representations in postcentral cortical areas 3a, 3b, 1, and 2 were made in different combinations to determine each area's contribution to the responsivity and modality properties of neurons in the hand representation in SII. 2. Ablations that left intact only the postcentral areas that process predominantly cutaneous(More)
Vision is dependent on ordered neuronal representations or maps of visual space. These maps depend on precise connections between retinal axons and their targets cells. In mammals, nerve fibres from right and left eyes produce congruent maps of contralateral visual space in adjacent layers of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). We have identified an(More)
Topographic maps in adult primate somatosensory cortex are capable of dramatic reorganizations after peripheral nerve injuries. In the present experiments, we have deprived a circumscribed portion of the hand map in somatosensory cortex of our adult squirrel monkeys by transecting the median nerve to one hand, and evaluated the hypothesis that(More)
1. We studied the morphology of individual, physiologically identified retinogeniculate axons in normal adult cats. The axons were recorded in the lateral geniculate nucleus or in the subjacent optic tract, characterized as X or Y by physiological criteria, penetrated, and injected with horseradish peroxidase. With subsequent application of appropriate(More)
We have previously reported that following specific neonatal brain lesions in ferrets, a retinal projection is induced into the auditory thalamus (Sur et al., Science 242:1437, '88). In these "rewired" ferrets, a novel visual pathway is established through auditory thalamus [the medial geniculate nucleus (MGN)] and primary auditory cortex (A1); cells in(More)