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After limited sensory deafferentations in adult primates, somatosensory cortical maps reorganize over a distance of 1 to 2 millimeters mediolaterally, that is, in the dimension along which different body parts are represented. This amount of reorganization was considered to be an upper limit imposed by the size of the projection zones of individual(More)
Microelectrode recordings were used to investigate the tonotopic organization of auditory cortex of macaque monkeys and guide the placement of injections of wheat germ agglutinin-horse radish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) and fluorescent dyes. Anatomical and physiological results were later related to histological distinctions in the same brains after sections were(More)
Area 2 is a traditional architectonic subdivision of anterior parietal cortex in macaque monkeys, but its overall somatotopic organization and responsiveness to different types of somatic stimuli are poorly understood, and there are uncertainties concerning its rostral and caudal extent. The goals of the present study were to define the rostral and caudal(More)
The prevailing hierarchical model of cortical sensory processing holds that early processing is specific to individual modalities and that combination of information from different modalities is deferred until higher-order stages of processing. In this paper, we present physiological evidence of multisensory convergence at an early stage of cortical(More)
Retinal cells have been induced to project into the medial geniculate nucleus, the principal auditory thalamic nucleus, in newborn ferrets by reduction of targets of retinal axons in one hemisphere and creation of alternative terminal space for these fibers in the auditory thalamus. Many cells in the medial geniculate nucleus are then visually driven, have(More)
Vision is dependent on ordered neuronal representations or maps of visual space. These maps depend on precise connections between retinal axons and their targets cells. In mammals, nerve fibres from right and left eyes produce congruent maps of contralateral visual space in adjacent layers of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). We have identified an(More)
It has previously been demonstrated that the central somatosensory topographic reorganization within deprived cortex that follows peripheral nerve injury in adult monkeys occurs in at least two stages: an immediate unmasking period; and a more prolonged period where deprived areas of cortex come to express new receptive fields in a topographically arranged(More)
1. Selective ablations of the hand representations in postcentral cortical areas 3a, 3b, 1, and 2 were made in different combinations to determine each area's contribution to the responsivity and modality properties of neurons in the hand representation in SII. 2. Ablations that left intact only the postcentral areas that process predominantly cutaneous(More)
In adult monkeys, peripheral nerve injuries induce dramatic examples of neural plasticity in somatosensory cortex. It has been suggested that a cortical distance limit exists and that the amount of plasticity that is possible after injury is constrained by this limit. We have investigated this possibility by depriving a relatively large expanse of cortex by(More)
Topographic maps in adult primate somatosensory cortex are capable of dramatic reorganizations after peripheral nerve injuries. In the present experiments, we have deprived a circumscribed portion of the hand map in somatosensory cortex of our adult squirrel monkeys by transecting the median nerve to one hand, and evaluated the hypothesis that(More)