Premkumar Jayaraman

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In this study the in vitro activities of seven antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, ceftazidime, tetracycline, trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole, polymyxin B and piperacillin) and six phytochemicals (protocatechuic acid, gallic acid, ellagic acid, rutin, berberine and myricetin) against five P. aeruginosa isolates, alone and in combination are evaluated. All the(More)
Light-regulated modules offer unprecedented new ways to control cellular behavior in precise spatial and temporal resolution. The availability of such tools may dramatically accelerate the progression of synthetic biology applications. Nonetheless, current optogenetic toolbox of prokaryotes has potential issues such as lack of rapid and switchable control,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Antibiotic combinations are used to enhance antibacterial efficacy and to prevent the development of resistance. In this study, the in vitro activities of antibiotic and phytochemical combinations against Pseudomonas aeruginosa were tested by the fractional inhibitory concentration method, derived from the minimal inhibitory(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic drug resistant pathogen. Drug interaction studies for phytochemicals (protocatechuic acid (PA), gallic acid (GA), quercetin (QUER), and myricetin (MYR)) in combination with antifolates (sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and trimethoprim (TMP)) are presented. Our results show that the combinations of SMX and phytochemicals are(More)
In this study, we successfully present the dual-target design hypothesis to inhibit both dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) enzymes using a novel scheme that integrates our previous antibiotic-phytochemical interaction data, fragment combination and knowledge-based methods. Both the enzymes are well established antibacterial(More)
BACKGROUND There is a dearth of treatment options for community-acquired and nosocomial Pseudomonas infections due to several rapidly emerging multidrug resistant phenotypes, which show resistance even to combination therapy. As an alternative, developing selective promiscuous hybrid compounds for simultaneous modulation of multiple targets is highly(More)
An interferometric fiber sensor for detection of hexa-histidine tagged microcin (His-MccS) is reported and experimentally demonstrated. This intermodal fiber sensor is implemented by a no-core fiber (NCF) functionalized with chitosan (CS)-nickel (Ni) film for direct detection of small peptide: microcin. The fiber intermodal sensor relies on the refractive(More)
Cholera is a potentially mortal, infectious disease caused by Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Current treatment methods of cholera still have limitations. Beneficial microbes that could sense and kill the V. cholerae could offer potential alternative to preventing and treating cholera. However, such V. cholerae targeting microbe is still not available. This(More)
New strategies to control cholera are urgently needed. This study develops an in vitro proof-of-concept sense-and-kill system in a wild-type Escherichia coli strain to target the causative pathogen Vibrio cholerae using a synthetic biology approach. Our engineered E. coli specifically detects V. cholerae via its quorum-sensing molecule CAI-1 and responds by(More)
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