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We study short-range ferromagnetic models residing on planar manifolds with global negative curvature. We show that the local metric properties of the embedding surface induce droplet formation from the boundary, resulting in the stability of a Griffiths phase at a temperature lower than that of the bulk transition. We propose that this behavior is(More)
When matter is cooled from high temperatures, collective instabilities develop among its constituent particles that lead to new kinds of order. An anomaly in the specific heat is a classic signature of this phenomenon. Usually the associated order is easily identified, but sometimes its nature remains elusive. The heavy fermion metal URu(2)Si(2) is one such(More)
We demonstrate that the changes in the elastic properties of the FeAs systems, as seen in our resonant ultrasound spectroscopy data, can be naturally understood in terms of fluctuations of emerging nematic degrees of freedom. Both the softening of the lattice in the normal, tetragonal phase as well as its hardening in the superconducting phase are(More)
The development of collective long-range order by means of phase transitions occurs by the spontaneous breaking of fundamental symmetries. Magnetism is a consequence of broken time-reversal symmetry, whereas superfluidity results from broken gauge invariance. The broken symmetry that develops below 17.5 kelvin in the heavy-fermion compound URu(2)Si(2) has(More)
Using first-principles calculations, we identify a magnetostructural effect in the BiFeO3-BiMnO3 nanocheckerboard that is not to be found in either the bulk parent compound or in BiFeO3-BiMnO3 superlattices with (001)-oriented Fe and Mn layers. The key role of the cation arrangement is explained by a simple model of the exchange coupling between cation(More)
We introduce a two-dimensional frustrated Heisenberg antiferromagnet on interpenetrating honeycomb and triangular lattices. Classically the two sublattices decouple, and "order from disorder" drives them into a coplanar state. Applying Friedan's geometric approach to nonlinear sigma models, we obtain the scaling of the spin stiffnesses governed by the Ricci(More)
In an extensive computational experiment, we test Polyakov's conjecture that under certain circumstances an isotropic Heisenberg model can develop algebraic spin correlations. We demonstrate the emergence of a multispin U(1) order parameter in a Heisenberg antiferromagnet on interpenetrating honeycomb and triangular lattices. The correlations of this(More)