Prema Robinson

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Neurocysticercosis, caused by Taenia solium, is one of the most common causes of seizures worldwide. The symptoms result from granulomatous inflammation associated with dying cyst forms of the parasite. Although the invasive larvae can be killed by immune serum plus complement, immunity to the cyst stage depends on a cellular response. This dichotomous(More)
Myogenesis is a multistep developmental program that generates and regenerates skeletal muscles. Several extracellular factors have been identified that participate in the regulation of myogenesis. Although skeletal muscles are always subjected to mechanical stress in vivo, the role of mechanical forces in the regulation of myogenesis remains unknown. We(More)
Taenia parasites have developed elaborate mechanisms of interacting with their intermediate hosts. The oncospheres which invade the intermediate host are susceptible to antibody and complement. However, by the time the host has generated an antibody response, the parasites have begun to transform to the more resistant metacestode. The metacestodes have(More)
To investigate the role of interferon (IFN)-gamma in human cryptosporidiosis, jejunal biopsies from experimentally infected volunteers and chronically infected AIDS patients were examined for IFN-gamma expression by in situ hybridization. IFN-gamma expression was compared with oocyst excretion, baseline serum anti-Cryptosporidium antibody, and symptoms.(More)
Myocarditis is an important cause of heart failure in adolescents and young adults and is caused, most commonly, by viral infections. Viral myocarditis is characterized by cardiac inflammation and cardiomyocyte necrosis. The molecular pathogenesis of viral myocarditis is incomplete and specific therapies are not available. Proinflammatory cytokines such as(More)
Neurocysticercosis (NCC), a helminth infection of the brain, is a major cause of seizures. The mediators responsible for seizures in NCC are unknown, and their management remains controversial. Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide produced by neurons, endothelial cells and immunocytes. The current studies examined the hypothesis that SP mediates seizures in(More)
Cryptosporidiosis, caused by the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium, causes self-limited diarrhea in immunocompetent hosts and severe life-threatening diarrhea in AIDS patients. Highly active antiretroviral therapy has been used to effectively treat cryptosporiosis in some but not all AIDS patients. Therefore, there is an urgent need for innovative drugs to(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (degeneration of heart muscle and heart enlargement) is an important cause of heart failure among young adults. Dilated cardiomyopathy may be a complication during or after various viral, bacterial, or parasitic diseases. Substance P (SP) is a neurotransmitter that is involved in the pathogenesis of various diseases. To determine(More)
We have previously demonstrated interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) in intestinal mucosa after experimental human Cryptosporidium parvum infection, but expression was limited to sensitized volunteers. To characterize IFN-gamma-independent mechanisms in control of infection, jejunal biopsies from immunocompetent volunteers experimentally challenged with C. parvum(More)