Preetinder P. Singh

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In bone, depletion of osteoclasts reduces bone formation in vivo, as does osteal macrophage depletion. How osteoclasts and macrophages promote the action of bone forming osteoblasts is, however, unclear. Since recruitment and differentiation of multi-potential stromal cells/mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) generates new active osteoblasts, we investigated(More)
Osteoclasts are bone resorbing multinucleated cells (MNCs) derived from macrophage progenitors. IL-33 has been reported to drive osteoclastogenesis independently of receptor activator of NFκB ligand (RANKL) but this remains controversial as later studies did not confirm this. We found IL-33 clearly elicited functional dentine-resorbing osteoclast formation(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common cause of hospital acquired infection and death among patients admitted in ICU. Microorganisms responsible for VAP vary from place to place. Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) have emerged as a major group of pathogen causing VAP and over the years carbapenem group of antibiotics has emerged as(More)
BACKGROUND Late stage Ovarian Cancer is essentially incurable primarily due to late diagnosis and its inherent heterogeneity. Single agent treatments are inadequate and generally lead to severe side effects at therapeutic doses. It is crucial to develop clinically relevant novel combination regimens involving synergistic modalities that target a wider(More)
IDPH-791, when injected (ip) to mice potentiated the pentobarbitone sleeping time in a dose dependent manner. Involvement of neurotransmitters and receptors in this effect was studied using various receptor blockers, enzyme inhibitors, agonist and an amine depletor. Pretreatment with high dose of yohimbine (0.5 mg/kg), haloperidol, cyproheptadine, atropine(More)
The neuropsychopharmacological profile of a new centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant, 2,4-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-c][1,4]benzothiazine-1-one (IDPH-791), an analogue of triazolobenzothiazine, has been described and compared to mephenesin, a well known centrally-acting muscle relaxant. IDPH-791 was found to be safer and of longer duration of action(More)
Clonidine produced dose-dependent inhibition of pinna reflex in rats, the ED50 being 1.20 +/- 0.28 mg/kg. The effect of agents affecting adrenergic, tryptaminergic and histaminergic systems were evaluated on clonidine-induced inhibition of pinna reflex. All these agents had no effect on pinna reflex. Phentolamine, phenoxybenzamine, prazosin, propranolol,(More)
Clonidine is reported to inhibit the az-adrenoceptor mediated pinnal reflex in mice (3). Clonidine produces its effect by acting as an oc2-adrenergic autoreceptor agonist (1). As such, clonidine is also agonist for presynaptic histamine Hz-receptors (8). To test whether the clonidine-induced inhibition of the pinnal reflex is mediated through adrenergic(More)