Preet M. Chaudhary

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Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV) is a recently discovered human virus closely related to African green monkey lymphotropic polyomavirus. MCV DNA is integrated in approximately 80% of Merkel cell carcinomas (MCC), a neuroendocrine skin cancer linked to lymphoid malignancies such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To assess MCV infection and its association(More)
The human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8, also called Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) has been linked to Kaposi's sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) in immunocompromised individuals. We demonstrate that PEL cell lines have a constitutively active NF-kappaB pathway, which is associated with persistent phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha. To elucidate the(More)
In mammals, members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family play an important role in the regulation of cellular proliferation, differentiation and programmed cell death. We describe isolation and characterization of an orthologous ligand/receptor axis in Drosophila. The ligand, designated Eiger, is a type II membrane glycosylated protein, which can be(More)
TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) selectively induces programmed cell death (apoptosis) in various cancer cells but not in normal cells. TRAIL is known to bind to 4 different receptors, 2 proapoptotic (DR4 and DR5), and 2 potentially antiapoptotic receptors lacking death domains (DcR1 and DcR2). Aberrant promoter methylation and resultant(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8, also called Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus) has been linked to Kaposi's sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma. HHV-8-encoded viral Fas-associated death domain-like IL-1-converting enzyme inhibitory protein (vFLIP) is one of the few viral proteins to be expressed in latently infected cells and plays a key role in the(More)
The DiseaseConnect (http://disease-connect.org) is a web server for analysis and visualization of a comprehensive knowledge on mechanism-based disease connectivity. The traditional disease classification system groups diseases with similar clinical symptoms and phenotypic traits. Thus, diseases with entirely different pathologies could be grouped together,(More)
Infection with human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) has been associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman's disease. HHV8 encodes for a viral FLICE-inhibitory protein (vFLIP), designated K13, which resembles the prodomain of caspase-8 in structure and has been shown to protect cells against death receptor-induced apoptosis(More)
Death Effector Domains (DEDs) have been known to mediate the recruitment of Caspase 8 and its homologs to the aggregated death-inducing signaling complex (DISC), consisting of the death domain (DD)-containing receptors and various signaling proteins. In addition, several viruses were recently shown to encode proteins with DEDs (also called FLICE inhibitory(More)
Koljonen et al described an association between chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCV)– positive Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) in a recent large populationbased survey from Finland.1 CLL has been reported as a tumor significantly associated with MCC, validating the general findings of this study.2,3 This association suggests the(More)
Methylation of the promoter regions of CpG-rich sites in genes is the major mechanism for the silencing of many genes in tumors. Methylation of the key apoptosis-related gene caspase 8 (CASP8) has been reported in some childhood tumors and in neuroendocrine lung tumors. We examined the methylation status of 181 pediatric tumors and found frequent(More)