Praveena Gupta

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Infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL) is one of a group of fatal hereditary lysosomal storage disorders. Palmitoyl protein thioesterase 1 null mutant mice (PPT1-/-) now exist that accurately recapitulate many important disease features. The severely affected PPT1-/- mouse CNS exhibited reduced volume of both cortical and subcortical regions, but(More)
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses are a newly-recognized group of lysosomal storage disorders in which neurodegeneration predominates. The pathophysiological basis for this is unknown. In the current paper, we sought to determine whether neurons that lack the enzyme responsible for the infantile form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL) display(More)
Infantile and classical late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are two recent additions to the expanding spectrum of lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiencies in lysosomal hydrolases. They are latecomers to the lysosomal storage disorders, probably because of the heterogeneous nature of the storage material, which precluded meaningful(More)
Infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (INCL) is the earliest onset form of a class of inherited neurodegenerative disease called Batten disease. INCL is caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme palmitoyl protein thioesterase-1 (PPT1). Autofluorescent storage material accumulates in virtually all tissues in INCL patients, including the brain, and(More)
PURPOSE Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage may be associated with age-related diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The present study was designed to test whether the frequency of mtDNA damage, heteroplasmic mtDNA mutations, and repair capacity correlate with progression of AMD. METHODS Macular and peripheral RPE cells were isolated and(More)
Infantile and juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCLs) are progressive neurodegenerative disorders of childhood with distinct ages of clinical onset, but with a similar pathological outcome. Infantile and juvenile NCL are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner due to mutations in the CLN1 and CLN3 genes, respectively. Recently developed Cln1- and(More)
It is well-established that inflammation plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal lobar dementia (FTLD). Inflammation and synapse loss occur in disease prior to the formation of larger aggregates, but the contribution of tau to inflammation has not yet been thoroughly investigated. Tau pathologically aggregates to form large(More)
The palmitoyl protein thioesterase-2 (PPT2) gene encodes a lysosomal thioesterase homologous to PPT1, which is the enzyme defective in the human disorder called infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. In this article, we report that PPT2 deficiency in mice causes an unusual form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis with striking visceral manifestations. All(More)
Mutations in palmitoyl protein thioesterase-1 (PPT1) have been found to cause the infantile form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, which is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by impaired degradation of fatty acid-modified proteins with accumulation of amorphous granular deposits in cortical neurons, leading to mental retardation and death.(More)
Diabetes and smoking are known risk factors for cataract development. In this study, we evaluated the effect of nicotine on the progression of cataracts in a type 1 diabetic rat model. Diabetes was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by a single injection of 65 mg/kg streptozotocin. Daily nicotine injections were administered subcutaneously. Forty-five rats were(More)