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African American race is an independent risk factor for enhanced oxidative stress and inflammation. We sought to examine whether oxidative-stress and inflammatory markers that are typically measured in humans also differ by race in cell culture. We compared levels between African American and Caucasian young adults and then separately in human umbilical(More)
Visit-to-visit clinic blood pressure variability (BPV) and 24-h BPV have both been identified as independent risk factors for cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality; however, the mechanisms contributing to the increased CV risk as yet are unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between BPV and endothelial function in a cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Office-blood pressure (BP) measurements alone overlook a significant number of individuals with masked-hypertension (office-BP: 120/80-139/89 mm Hg and 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) daytime ≥135/85 mm Hg or night-time ≥120/70 mm Hg). Diminished endothelial function contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension. To better understand the(More)
BACKGROUND The disproportionate rates of cardiovascular disease in African Americans may, in part, be due to suboptimal assessment of blood pressure (BP) with clinic BP measurements alone. To date, however, the prevalence of masked hypertension in African Americans has not been fully delineated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate masked hypertension(More)
We investigated the relationship between renal function, blood pressure variability (BPV), and nitric oxide (NO) in a group of African Americans with normal or mildly impaired renal function. 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was performed, NO measured, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) calculated in 38 African Americans. Participants were(More)
1. The termite, Odentotermes horni. W., houses three fungal species, viz. Xylaria nigripes, Termitomyces microcorpus, and Trichoderma (species not identified), in its gut. X. nigripes was found to possess higher esterase activity levels than the other two. 2. Four esterase enzymes, viz. FE-I, -II, -III and -IV, with pI values 5.1, 5.25, 5.4 and 5.6,(More)
African Americans (AA) tend to have heightened systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial microparticles (EMP) are released from activated/apoptotic endothelial cells (EC) when stimulated by inflammation. The purpose of our study was to assess EMP responses to inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α) and antioxidant (superoxide dismutase, SOD)(More)