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PURPOSE Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in tumor invasion and dissemination. EMT occurs predominantly at the tumor edge where it is induced by cytokines, the extracellular matrix environment, or hypoxia. In the tumor cell, it is further mediated by several transcription factors and microRNAs. The aim of this study was to(More)
Overcoming resistance to chemotherapy is a major challenge in colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment, especially since the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We show that silencing of the prolyl hydroxylase domain protein PHD1, but not PHD2 or PHD3, prevents p53 activation upon chemotherapy in different CRC cell lines, thereby inhibiting DNA repair(More)
Hypoxia and HIFs (HIF-1α and HIF-2α) modulate innate immune responses in the setting of systemic inflammatory responses and sepsis. The HIF prolyl hydroxylase enzymes PHD1, PHD2 and PHD3 regulate the mammalian adaptive response to hypoxia; however, their significance in the innate immune response has not been elucidated. We demonstrate in this study that(More)
  • Martin Mollenhauer, Judit Kiss, +7 authors Martin Schneider
  • 2012
Liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH) occurs in conditions of reduced oxygen supply. HIF prolyl hydroxylase enzymes (PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3) are oxygen sensors involved in adaptive response to hypoxia. Specific functions of these PHD enzymes in liver regeneration have, however, remained enigmatic. Here, we investigated the significance of PHD1 in(More)
Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy in humans and novel therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. Autophagy is an evolutionarily highly conserved cellular process by which cells collect unnecessary organelles or misfolded proteins and subsequently degrade them in vesicular structures in order to refuel cells with energy. Dysregulation of(More)
Fibrosis is a complication of chronic inflammatory disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease, a condition which has limited therapeutic options and often requires surgical intervention. Pharmacologic inhibition of oxygen-sensing prolyl hydroxylases, which confer oxygen sensitivity upon the hypoxia-inducible factor pathway, has recently been shown to have(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to assess whether pharmacological inhibition of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF)-prolyl hydroxylase enzymes (PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3) is a suitable strategy to stimulate liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). BACKGROUND Liver regeneration occurs in a hypoxic environment. PHD1 to(More)
Christoph Kahlert*, Saleh Lahes*, Praveen Radhakrishnan, Shamik Dutta, Carolin Mogler, Esther Herpel, Karsten Brand, Gunnar Steinert, Martin Schneider, Martin Mollenhauer, Christoph Reissfelder, Fee Klupp, Johannes Fritzmann, Christina Wunder, Axel Benner, Matthias Kloor, Cathrin Huth, Pietro Contin, Alexis Ullrich, Moritz Koch and Jürgen Weitz *contributed(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common malignant neoplasia in women and men worldwide. The B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein family is mainly known for its pivotal role in the regulation of the mitochondrial death pathway. Anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins may provide survival benefits and induce therapy resistance in cancer cells. Among(More)