Praveen P N Rao

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PURPOSE NSAIDs constitute an important class of drugs with therapeutic applications that have spanned several centuries. Treatment of inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) starting from the classic drug aspirin to the recent rise and fall of selective COX-2 inhibitors has provided an enthralling evolution. Efforts(More)
A group of acyclic 2-alkyl-1,1-diphenyl-2-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)ethenes was designed for evaluation as selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. In vitro COX-1 and COX-2 isozyme inhibition structure-activity studies identified 1,1-diphenyl-2-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)hex-1-ene as a highly potent (IC(50) = 0.014 microM), and an extremely selective(More)
PURPOSE A group of 3,4-diaryl- 2(5H)furanones were synthesized to determine whether a N-acetylsulfonamido (SO2NHCOCH3) moiety could be used as a bioisosteric replacement for the traditional sulfonamide (SO2NH2) and methanesulfonyl (SO2CH3) COX-2 pharmacophores. METHODS In vitro COX-1 and COX-2 isozyme inhibition studies were carried out to acquire(More)
A group of 1,3-diarylprop-2-yn-1-ones (13, 17, 23, 26 and 27) possessing a C-3 p-SO2Me COX-2 pharmacophore were designed, synthesized and evaluated as potential dual inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-1/2 (COX-1/2) and 5/15-lipoxygenases (5/15-LOX) that exhibit vivo antiinflammatory and analgesic activities. Among this class of compounds,(More)
A group of (E)-1,3-diphenylprop-2-en-1-one derivatives (chalcones) possessing a MeSO(2)NH, or N(3), COX-2 pharmacophore at the para-position of the C-1 phenyl ring were synthesized using a facile stereoselective Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction. In vitro COX-1/COX-2 structure-activity relationships were determined by varying the substituents on the C-3(More)
A group of 3,4-diphenyl-1,2,5-oxadiazole-2-oxides (3,4-diphenylfuroxans) and the corresponding N-desoxy 3,4-diphenyl-1,2,5-oxadiazoles (3,4-diphenylfurazans) analogs, were synthesized for in vitro evaluation as hybrid cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor/nitric oxide donor agents. Reaction of 1-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-2-phenylethene with an aqueous sodium(More)
The anti-Alzheimer's agent galantamine is known to possess anti-amyloid properties. However the exact mechanisms are not clear. We studied the binding interactions of galantamine with amyloid peptide dimer (Aβ(1-40)) through molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. Galantamine's binding site within the amyloid peptide dimer was identified by(More)
A group of regioisomeric phenylethynylbenzenesulfonamides possessing a COX-2 SO2NH2 pharmacophore at the para-, meta- or ortho-position of the C-1 phenyl ring, in conjunction with a C-2 substituted-phenyl (H, OMe, OH, Me, F) group, were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isozymes. The target(More)
BACKGROUND The tricyclic cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors celecoxib and rofecoxib exhibit different magnitudes of antiproliferative activity against the human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP and PC-3. We investigated the correlation between the COX-2 inhibitory potencies, antiproliferative activities and the nature of the central ring system of novel(More)
N-Acetyl-2-carboxybenzenesulfonamide (11), and a group of analogues possessing an appropriately substituted-phenyl substituent (4-F, 2,4-F(2), 4-SO(2)Me, 4-OCHMe(2)) attached to its C-4, or C-5 position, were synthesized for evaluation as selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. In vitro COX-1/COX-2 inhibition studies showed that 11 is a more potent(More)