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Biodegradable nanoparticles made of poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) copolymer were characterized for enhanced delivery of antigens to murine bone marrow derived dendritic cells (DCs) in vitro. PLGA nanoparticles were efficiently phagocytosed by the DCs (CD11c+, MHC class II+, CD86+) in culture, resulting in their intracellular localization.(More)
A clinically relevant delivery system that can efficiently target and deliver antigens and adjuvant to dendritic cells (DCs) is under active investigation. Immunization with antigens and immunomodulators encapsulated in poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles elicits potent cellular immune responses; but understanding how this mode of(More)
Dendritic cells are the most potent antigen-presenting cells (APC) and the most effective stimulators of primary T cell responses. Based on the strong influence of the APC on the immune response, we investigated cellular uptake of a biodegradable antigen delivery system, poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres, at two sites of injection:(More)
The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of biodegradable poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA-NP) as a vaccine delivery system to codeliver antigen, ovalbumin (OVA) along with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) as adjuvant for induction of potent CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses. The primary CD4(+) T responses to OVA/MPLA NP(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) in the peripheral tissues act as sentinels of the immune system. They detect and capture pathogens entering the body and present their antigens to T cells to trigger responses directed towards elimination of the pathogen. The induction of peripheral tolerance against self and certain foreign antigens is also believed to be mediated(More)
The main objective of these studies was to investigate whether the nanoparticle delivery has any immunopotentiation effect at modest doses of a few micro- or nanograms of CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG ODN) and what would be the influence on T cell responses at such low doses. Various doses (5 to 0.05 microg) of a model CpG ODN adjuvant (#1826) along with 2(More)
PURPOSE To study the effect of encapsulation of recombinant adenovirus type 5 encoding Beta-galactosidase (Ad5-Betagal) in poly (D,Llactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres on viral delivery to professional antigen presenting cells (APCs) in vitro, viral dissemination in vivo, and induction of protective immune responses in vivo. METHODS PLGA(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of rapamycin delivery by poly (D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles on the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs). DCs were generated from mouse bone marrow and exposed to particulate and soluble rapamycin without any additional treatment, or with pre- or posttreatment with lipopolysaccharide(More)
Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is one of the major limitations in cancer chemotherapy. Previous work has shown that amphiphilic diblock copolymers composed of methoxypolyethylene glycol-block-polycaprolactone (MePEG-b-PCL) diblock copolymers enhanced the cellular accumulation of Pgp substrates by modulating the function of this drug efflux(More)