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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by dopamine depletion in the striatum. One consistent pathophysiological hallmark of PD is an increase in spontaneous oscillatory activity in the basal ganglia thalamocortical networks. We evaluated these effects using resting state functional connectivity MRI in mild(More)
Antibodies directed against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) are present in many patients with stiff person syndrome and increasingly found in patients with other symptoms indicative of central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction, such as ataxia. The classic clinical features of stiff person syndrome include muscular stiffness with superimposed painful(More)
The capacity to learn new motor sequences is fundamental to adaptive motor behavior. The early phase of motor sequence learning relies on the ventral and anterior striatal circuitry, whereas the late phase relies on the dorsal and posterior striatal circuitry. Early Parkinson's disease (PD) is mainly characterized by dopaminergic denervation of the dorsal(More)
Analysis of the amplitude of low frequency BOLD signal fluctuations (ALFF) in the resting state has recently been used to study the dynamics of intrinsic neural activity. Several studies have also suggested its potential as a biomarker for neuropsychiatric disease. In the current study, we quantified ALFF to determine changes in intrinsic neural(More)
Variants in genes regulating dopamine transmission affect performance on tasks including working memory and executive function as well as temporal processing and sequence learning. In the current study, we determined whether a dopamine D2 receptor DNA sequence polymorphism interacts with L-DOPA during motor tasks in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor, behavioral, and cognitive decline, culminating in death. It is caused by an expanded CAG repeat in the huntingtin gene. Even years before symptoms become overt, mutation carriers show subtle but progressive striatal and cerebral white(More)
We previously reported a differential effect of dopaminergic medication across the time course of motor sequence learning in early stage Parkinson's (PD) patients [1]. There was a medication-associated impairment specific to the early phase of learning. In the current study, we investigated the BOLD responses associated with this deleterious medication(More)
The basal ganglia are thought to play a critical role in duration perception and production. However, experimental evidence for impaired temporal processing in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients is mixed. This study examined the association between striatal dopaminergic denervation in PD patients and sensorimotor synchronization. Twenty-eight(More)
Mild to moderate Parkinson's disease shows more denervation in the posterodorsal striatum and sparing of the anteroventral striatum. Dopaminergic medications can interfere with anteroventral striatum function by overdosing this relatively intact structure. The authors determined how regional striatal denervation affects medication-associated sequence(More)
PURPOSE Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease which results in several progressive symptoms, including bulbar dysfunction (i.e., speech and swallowing difficulties). Although difficulties in speech and swallowing in HD have a negative impact on health-related quality of life, no patient-reported outcome measure exists to(More)