Pratima Chaurasia

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Highly expressed urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) can interact with alpha5beta1 integrin leading to persistent ERK activation and tumorigenicity. Disrupting this interaction reduces ERK activity, forcing cancer cells into dormancy. We identified a site in uPAR domain III that is indispensable for these effects. A 9-mer peptide derived from a(More)
Cord blood (CB) cells that express CD34 have extensive hematopoietic capacity and rapidly divide ex vivo in the presence of cytokine combinations; however, many of these CB CD34+ cells lose their marrow-repopulating potential. To overcome this decline in function, we treated dividing CB CD34+ cells ex vivo with several histone deacetylase inhibitors(More)
Chronic NK lymphoproliferative disease of large granular lymphocytes (LDGL) is characterized by the expansion of activated CD3-, CD16+ or CD56+ lymphocytes. The mechanism of survival of NK cells from LDGL patients is unknown but may be related to antigenic stimulation. There is currently no standard effective therapy for LDGL, and the disease is(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Epigenetic modifications tightly regulate the gene expression and cellular function of haematopoietic stem cells. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) alter the gene expression profile of cord blood (CB) CD34(+) cells by controlling the genes involved in chromatin modification, thereby influencing the self-renewal, maintenance(More)
The positioning of nucleosomes has been analysed by comparing the pattern of cutting sites of a probing reagent on chromatin and naked DNA. For this purpose, high molecular weight DNA and nuclei from the liver of young (18±2 weeks) and old (100±5 weeks) Wistar male rats were digested with micrococcal nuclease (MNase) and hybridized with 32P-labelled rat(More)
The natural killer (NK) type of lymphoproliferative disease of granular lymphocytes (LDGL) is associated with the expansion of CD3(-), CD16(+), and/or CD56(+) lymphocytes. We have examined the repertoire of NK receptors expressed on these cells and delineated the functional activity. We found skewed NK receptor expression on patient NK cells. Reactivity to(More)
Presently, blood transfusion products (TPs) are composed of terminally differentiated cells with a finite life span. We have developed an ex vivo-generated TP composed of erythroid progenitor cells (EPCs) and precursors cells. Several histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) were used in vitro to promote the preferential differentiation of cord blood (CB)(More)
BACKGROUND Disseminated dormant cancer cells can resume growth and eventually form overt metastases, but the underlying molecular mechanism responsible for this change remains obscure. We previously established that cell surface interaction between urokinase receptor (uPAR) and alpha5beta1-integrin initiates a sequel of events, involving MAPK-ERK activation(More)
Gallbladder cancer is a common malignancy of the biliary tract. It is the fifth common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract in United States and third in Northern India. Despite such high prevalence, there is scanty published literature about this disease in indexed journals. Therefore, this article is intended to provide a brief overview of gallbladder(More)
The myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a group of clonal hematological malignancies characterized by a hypercellular bone marrow and a tendency to develop thrombotic complications and to evolve to myelofibrosis and acute leukemia. Unlike chronic myelogenous leukemia, where a single disease-initiating genetic event has been identified, a more(More)