Prathima Nandivada

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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and impact of subclavian steal syndrome (SSS) in patients undergoing assessment of the carotid arteries. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Vertebral artery flow reversal is often found among patients undergoing imaging of the extracranial vessels; however, there are no large studies evaluating the prevalence and natural history(More)
The neonatal intestine is a complex organ that regulates the absorption of nutrients essential for growth and development. Intestinal failure results from insufficient or functionally inadequate bowel and can lead to failure of neonatal growth and development. Current literature on neonatal intestinal physiology and failure was reviewed and summarized. A(More)
Parenteral nutrition (PN) can be life saving for infants unable to adequately absorb enteral nutrients due to intestinal failure from inadequate bowel length or function. However, long-term PN carries significant morbidity and mortality, with 30 to 60% of patients developing progressive liver dysfunction. The etiology of PN-associated liver disease (PNALD)(More)
Fat is an important macronutrient in the human diet. For patients with intestinal failure who are unable to absorb nutrients via the enteral route, intravenous lipid emulsions play a critical role in providing an energy-dense source of calories and supplying the essential fatty acids that cannot be endogenously synthesized. Over the last 50 y, lipid(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The principles of surgical management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) continue to evolve with advances in medical therapy, surgical technique, and minimally invasive operative technology. The purpose of this review is to highlight such advances in colorectal and anorectal surgery for IBD over the last year. RECENT FINDINGS Treatment(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Fecal incontinence is a significant source of morbidity and decreased quality of life (QOL) for many. Until recent years, few therapies beyond medical management were available for patients. Surgical treatment of fecal incontinence has evolved from colostomy and direct repair of muscle defects to interventional techniques such as nerve(More)
Laser-induced vessel wall injury leads to rapid thrombus formation in an animal thrombosis model. The target of laser injury is the endothelium. We monitored calcium mobilization to assess activation of the laser-targeted cells. Infusion of Fluo-4 AM, a calcium-sensitive fluorochrome, into the mouse circulation resulted in dye uptake in the endothelium and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the natural history of cirrhosis from parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) after resolution of cholestasis with fish oil (FO) therapy. BACKGROUND Historically, cirrhosis from PNALD resulted in end-stage liver disease, often requiring transplantation for survival. With FO therapy, most children now experience(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the parenteral nutrition-dependent population. Here, we review the most recent literature involving a fish oil-based lipid emulsion (FOLE) and its effects on PNALD. RECENT FINDINGS Vegetable oil-based lipid emulsions (VBLEs) contribute to(More)
Long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) carries the risk of progressive liver disease in infants with intestinal failure. Although PN-associated liver disease (PNALD) is multifactorial in etiology, components of soybean oil lipid emulsions have been implicated in the disease's pathogenesis. Historically, infants with PNALD who were unable to wean from PN to(More)