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OBJECTIVE Explore and investigate the perceptions and responses of employees regarding the effects of a Health Warning Label (HWL) on their decision to encourage quitting and stages of change in smoking behavior. MATERIAL AND METHOD One thousand six hundred thirty seven employees in workplaces from four regions, including Bangkok city, were studied during(More)
We assessed the efficiency of oral diethylcarbamazine (DEC) 300 mg as a provocative test on blood examination 30 minutes after administration, while gauging the overall infection rate in Myanmar migrant workers with Wuchereria bancrofti infection who enrolled for work permits in Thailand in 2002, using circulating filarial antigens (CFA) assays, the NOW ICT(More)
Border bancroftian filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti nocturnally subperiodic mainly exists in Karens residing alongside the Thailand-Myanmar border. Imported bancroftian filariasis caused by W. bancrofti nocturnally periodic mainly exists in cross-border Myanmar migrants. We analyzed seroprevalence data based on W. bancrofti adult worm antigen (Ag)(More)
Drug use is a major mode of HIV transmission in Thailand. This study determined HIV incidence rates among drug users in a regional drug treatment centre in northern Thailand. A retrospective cohort of repeatedly-hospitalized drug users between 1993 and 1997 was formed and HIV incidence rates were calculated. The overall incidence was 11.44 per 100(More)
BACKGROUND The national Global Fund-supported malaria (GFM) program in Thailand, which focuses on the household-level implementation of vector control via insecticide-treated nets (ITNs)/long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) combined with indoor residual spraying (IRS), has been combating malaria risk situations in different provinces with complex(More)
Rubber tappers work begins at midnight during the feeding time of Anopheles maculatus and An. minimus, two common malaria vectors in southern Thailand. We studied the association between rubber tapper behavior and malaria infections as reported to the Notified Disease Surveillance System during 2010 in Prachuab Khiri Khan Province, Thailand. In that(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of colorectal cancer is variable around the world. Hiroshima, Japan had the highest incidence in men in 1997 with an age-standardized rate of 86.7 per 100,000 and New Zealand had the highest, at 40.6 per 100,000, in women. The incidence of colorectal cancer in Thailand is rather low and the latest figures for Northeast of Thailand(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors assessed the effects of an enteric-coated Thai garlic extract tablet standardized for allicin-releasing potential on serum lipid levels in hypercholesterolemic subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHOD The authors performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 136 hypercholesterolemic subjects (cholesterol concentrations > or(More)
BACKGROUND Stomach cancer is not common in Thailand but the life styles of the Thai population are changing to become more Western so that information for planning control programme of stomach cancer is necessary. The highest incidence rates of this neoplasm are found in Eastern Asia, ranging from age-standardized rates of 95.5/105 (men) and 40.1/105(More)
BACKGROUND Hypercholesterolemia is a strong risk factor in cardiovascular disease. Oat (Avena sativa L.) beta-glucan, the soluble fiber in oat, has been known to reduce blood cholesterol levels considerably. However, the effect of oat soluble fiber in the Thai population is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of oat consumption on serum lipid(More)