Prashant Mathur

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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Kerala State is a harbinger of what will happen in future to the rest of India in chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD). We assessed: (i) the burden of NCD risk factors; (ii) estimated the relations of behavioural risk factors to socio-demographic correlates, anthropometric risk factors with behavioural risk factors; (iii)(More)
BACKGROUND Non-communicable diseases have modifiable risk factors, which are easy to measure and can help in planning effective interventions. We established a community-based sentinel surveillance to estimate the prevalence and level of common risk factors for major non-communicable diseases as part of a joint Indian Council of Medical Research/WHO(More)
Recent reports show strikingly high prevalence of diabetes among urban Asian Indians; however, there are very few studies comparing urban, peri-urban and rural prevalence rates of diabetes and their risk factors at the national level. This study is a part of the national non-communicable diseases (NCD) risk factor surveillance conducted in different(More)
We present a novel online learning approach for statistical machine translation tailored to the computer assisted translation scenario. With the introduction of a simple online feature, we are able to adapt the translation model on the fly to the corrections made by the translators. Additionally, we do online adaption of the feature weights with a large(More)
1. LeGalliard, J. F., Fitze, P. S., Ferriére, R. and Clobert, J., Sex ratio bias, male aggression, and population collapse in lizards. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2005, 102(18), 231–236. 2. Parker, H., Rosell, F. and Mysterud, A., Harvesting of males delays female breeding in a socially monogamous mammal; the beaver. Biol. Lett., 2007, 3, 106–108. 3.(More)
Gestational trophoblastic disease is rarely associated with nephrotic syndrome. The most common renal complication in pregnant females is pre-eclamptic hypertensive nephropathy. Most cases have not been biopsied and thus the specific nature of renal involvement could not be ascertained. Only a few case reports exist in which gestational trophoblastic(More)
There is a rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) burden, which is causing increasing morbidity and premature mortality in developing countries. In 1990, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) accounted for 63 per cent of all deaths and India contributed to 17 per cent to the worldwide mortality. Several surveys conducted across the country over the past two(More)
BACKGROUND The South-East Asia region (SEAR) accounts for one-quarter of the world's population, 40% of the global poor and ∼30% of the global disease burden, with a disproportionately large share of tuberculosis (35%), injuries (30%), maternal (33%) and <5-year-old mortality (30%). In this article, we describe the disease burden and status of(More)
BACKGROUND Dried blood may be a convenient method of sample collection in epidemiological studies; however, the method needs evaluation in a field settings. In the present study, feasibility of using dried blood for measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides was evaluated in multicenter surveillance study for noncommunicable disease (NCD). METHODS(More)
PURPOSE To compare effects of calpain inhibitors on in vitro light-scattering in rat lens soluble protein and calcium-ionophore (A23187)-induced cataract formation in cultured rat lenses. METHODS Rat lens soluble protein was hydrolyzed for 24 hours by activation of endogenous lens calpain. Ten calpain inhibitors were tested in this model at 10 and 25(More)