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Recent studies emphasize the role of BRAF as a genetic marker for prediction, prognosis and risk stratification in colorectal cancer. Earlier studies have reported the incidence of BRAF mutations in the range of 5-20% in colorectal carcinomas (CRC) and are predominantly seen in the serrated adenoma-carcinoma pathway characterized by microsatellite(More)
Somatic KRAS mutation is an early well-known event in colorectal carcinogenesis but a complete understanding of RAS function and dysfunction in colorectal cancer is still to come. Our aim was to study the incidence of KRAS mutation; KRAS splice variants: KRAS4A and KRAS4B; and their relationships with various clinico-pathological characteristics in(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K) is a key player in cell-growth signaling in a number of lymphoid malignancies, but its role in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the role of the PI3K/AKT pathway in a panel of 5 DLBCL cell lines and 100 clinical samples. Inhibition of PI3K by a specific(More)
BACKGROUND Recent epidemiological studies have suggested that obesity is associated with ovarian cancer. Obesity hormone leptin and its receptor (Ob-R) contribute to tumor development by enhancing cell growth and survival. This study was design to investigate the prevalence of leptin and Ob-R in Middle Eastern epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and to analyze(More)
OBJECTIVES Many human epithelial cancers, particularly those with a poor prognosis, express high levels of fatty acid synthase (FASN), a key metabolic enzyme linked to synthesis of membrane phospholipids in cancer cells. Overexpression of FASN is linked with activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3'-kinase (PI3 K)/AKT pathway. However, the role of FASN in(More)
Weill-Marchesani syndrome (WMS) is a well-characterized disorder in which patients develop eye and skeletal abnormalities. Autosomal-recessive and autosomal-dominant forms of WMS are caused by mutations in ADAMTS10 and FBN1 genes, respectively. Here we report on 13 patients from seven unrelated families from the Arabian Peninsula. These patients have a(More)
We investigated the role of the leptin receptor (Ob-R) and its relationship with PI3K/AKT activation in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) clinical samples followed by in vitro studies using a panel of CRC cell lines. Leptin exerts its physiological action through its receptor Ob-R. Overexpression of Ob-R has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a(More)
Hypogonadism, alopecia, diabetes mellitus, mental retardation, and extrapyramidal syndrome (also referenced as Woodhouse-Sakati syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive multisystemic disorder. We have identified a founder mutation consisting of a single base-pair deletion in C2orf37 in eight families of Saudi origin. Three other loss-of-function mutations(More)
BACKGROUND Lynch syndrome (LS; hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) is a common cause of hereditary colorectal cancer (CRC). CRC is the most common cancer diagnosed among males in Saudi Arabia but to the authors' knowledge there is a lack of data regarding the prevalence of LS in patients with CRC. There currently are no clear guidelines for the(More)
CONTEXT Genetic aberration in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway has been detected in numerous and diverse human cancers. PIK3CA, which encodes for the catalytic subunit of p110alpha of PI3K, is amplified in some cases of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Mutations in the PIK3CA have also been identified in thyroid cancers and, although(More)