Prasanna P. Karhade

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T he complexity and scope of outsourced information technology (IT) demands relationship-specific investments from vendors, which, when combined with contract incompleteness, may result in underinvestment and inefficient bargaining, referred to as the holdup problem. Using a unique data set of over 100 IT outsourcing contracts, we examine whether contract(More)
In light of information technology (IT) increasingly leading to enterprise transformation in contemporary firms, we aim to build a theory of IT-enabled capabilities in innovation activity of the firm. For so doing, we extensively review almost five hundred innovation studies in organization and IS literature and conduct a thematic analysis to identify(More)
IT portfolio management and the related planning decisions for IT–dependent initiatives are critical to organizational performance. Building on the logic of appropriateness theoretical framework, we define an important characteristic of decision rules used during IT portfolio planning; rule appropriateness with regards to the risk-taking criterion. We(More)
This study argues that factors such as the characteristics of the organization, the portfolio of IT projects they are managing and skill composition of their IT workers influence a firm's outsourcing decision. Using a case study methodology at 10 firms located in the Midwest, we will study organizational and project characteristics as they relate to the(More)
Draft: Comments are welcome; This paper is a work in progress and currently under revision. Please do not cite or quote without permission of the authors Acknowledgements We are grateful to Joseph T. Mahoney and M.S. Krishnan for the insightful and detailed comments on an earlier draft of this paper. We also thank Anupama Phene and two anonymous reviewers(More)
Some firms adopt dual (IS-conservative-like and IS innovator-like) strategies. The behavior of firms that adopt a dual IS strategy is associated with the following characteristics: they (1) adhere to dual goals with a simultaneous emphasis on efficiency improvements and cautious exploration of new opportunities, (2) adopt a relatively formal decision-making(More)
How do managers make their decisions with regard to adjustment and deployment of information technology (IT) over time? Motivated by this complex dynamics, we draw on behavioral theory of the firm and theorize a bounded rational process of managerial decision making for IT investment. In particular, we explain the dynamic adjustment of IT investment by(More)
Resource-based theory views the firm as a bundle of resources administrated and coordinated by managers. We introduce the theoretical lens of Penrose effect to IS research, which refers to the fact that finite managerial capacities will suffer if the complexity of resource coordination is high. Therefore, although investment in knowledge-related assets,(More)