Prasanna Nair

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OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between cumulative environmental risks and early intervention, parenting attitudes, potential for child abuse and child development in substance abusing mothers. METHOD We studied 161 substance-abusing women, from a randomized longitudinal study of a home based early intervention, who had custody of their children(More)
Examined the effects of a home-based intervention on mother-infant interaction among drug-using women and their infants. At 2 weeks postpartum, mothers and infants were randomly assigned to either an intervention (n = 84) or a control (n = 87) group. Control families received brief monthly tracking visits, and intervention families received weekly visits by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of home intervention with drug-abusing women on parenting behavior and attitudes, and on children's development. DESIGN A randomized, clinical trial of 60 drug-abusing women recruited prenatally and randomized into an intervention (n = 31) or comparison (n = 29) group. There were no group differences in gestational age,(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify perinatal factors that are predictive of disruption in primary caregiving among infants of substance abusing women. METHOD A randomized longitudinal cohort study. One hundred and fifty two mother/infant dyads were assessed for evidence of disruption of primary caregiving or neglect during the first 18 months of life, defined by(More)
Examined whether support could offset the potential stress of maternal HIV infection with regard to parenting and early child development in two studies of low income, urban, drug-using mothers of infants and toddlers. In one study, support was provided through home intervention; in the other, support was measured through self-report. There were few(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if children of substance-abusing mothers witness more violence than children of non-substance-abusing (control) mothers, and to determine if children who witness violence have more behavioral problems and higher stress scores than children who do not witness violence. DESIGN Cross-sectional research design comparing exposure to(More)
Examined neurodevelopmental patterns and caregiving environment among 20 infants prenatally exposed to cocaine and 20 drug-free infants. The Brazelton Scale was administered 4 times. Drug-exposed infants had less optimal neurodevelopment than comparison infants at birth, but by 6 weeks only differences in autonomic stability were apparent.(More)
Perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus is thought to occur in 25% to 50% of the offspring of infected women. Standard diagnostic methods do not permit identification of the infected newborns. To assess diagnostic methods and document the natural history of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus infection, 20 children born to human(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine how prenatal drug exposure (PDE) and caregiving environment relate to cognitive, academic, and behavioral performance at ages 6 and 7. METHODS A longitudinal follow-up was conducted of 111 children with PDE and a community cohort of 62 non-drug-exposed children (N = 173). Children completed standardized tests(More)
This prospective study examined the effects of ongoing maternal drug use, parenting attitudes, and a home-based intervention on mother-child interaction among drug-using women and their children. At 2 weeks postpartum, mothers and infants were randomly assigned to either an Intervention (n = 67) or Control (n = 64) Group. Intervention families received(More)