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RATIONALE Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) hold great promise for cardiac regeneration but are susceptible to various concerns. Recently, salutary effects of stem cells have been connected to exosome secretion. ESCs have the ability to produce exosomes, however, their effect in the context of the heart is unknown. OBJECTIVE Determine the effect of ESC-derived(More)
Persistent inflammatory response has adverse effects on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling following acute myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that suppression of inflammation with interleukin (IL)-10 treatment attenuates LV dysfunction and remodeling after acute myocardial infarction. After the induction of acute myocardial infarction, mice(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) plays an important role in left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) by promoting collagen synthesis and accumulation. This study tested the hypothesis that MMP inhibition modulates post-MI LV remodeling in mice lacking OPN. Wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice were treated daily with MMP inhibitor (PD166793,(More)
RATIONALE Although bone marrow endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-based therapies improve the symptoms in patients with ischemic heart disease, their limited plasticity and decreased function in patients with existing heart disease limit the full benefit of EPC therapy for cardiac regenerative medicine. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that reprogramming mouse or(More)
RATIONALE Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) survival and function in the injured myocardium is adversely influenced by hostile microenvironment such as ischemia, hypoxia, and inflammatory response, thereby compromising full benefits of EPC-mediated myocardial repair. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that interleukin-10 (IL-10) modulates EPC biology leading to(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation plays a critical role in adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Therefore, approaches geared toward inhibiting inflammation may provide therapeutic benefits. We tested the hypotheses that genetic deletion of interleukin-10 (IL-10), a potent antiinflammatory cytokine, exacerbates pressure overload-induced adverse cardiac(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of osteopontin (OPN) in diabetic hearts. Diabetes was induced in wild-type (WT) and OPN knockout (KO) mice by using streptozotocin (150 mg/kg) injection. Left ventricular (LV) structural and functional remodeling was studied 30 and 60 days after induction of diabetes. Induction of diabetes increased OPN(More)
The oocyte-independent source for the generation of pluripotent stem cells is among the ultimate goals in regenerative medicine. We report that on exposure to mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) extracts, reversibly permeabilized NIH3T3 cells undergo dedifferentiation followed by stimulus-induced redifferentiation into multiple lineage cell types. Genome-wide(More)
Sympathetic nerve activity increases in the heart during cardiac failure. Here, we hypothesized that beta1 integrins play a protective role in chronic beta-adrenergic receptor-stimulated cardiac myocyte apoptosis and heart failure. L-isoproterenol (iso; 400 microg/kg per hour) was infused in a group of wild-type (WT) and beta1 integrin heterozygous knockout(More)