Prasad S. Dhurjati

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Heat shock gene expression is induced by a variety of environmental stresses, including the presence of many chemicals. To address the utility of this response for pollutant detection, two Escherichia coli heat shock promoters, dnaK and grpE, were fused to the lux genes of Vibrio fischeri. Metals, solvents, crop protection chemicals, and other organic(More)
Quaternary ammonium functionalized poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers were synthesized and their antibacterial properties were evaluated using a bioluminescence method. These quaternary ammonium dendrimers are very potent biocides. The antibacterial properties depend on the size of the dendrimer, the length of hydrophobic chains in the quaternary ammonium(More)
The effects of temperature, growth stage, and inducer (ethanol) concentration on the kinetics and magnitude of the stress response were investigated by using an Escherichia coli strain with the grpE heat shock promoter fused to the Vibrio fischeri lux genes. When stressed, the cells responded by changing the level of specific light emission, which was(More)
Cells are inherently robust to environmental perturbations and have evolved to recover readily from short-term exposure to heat, pH changes, and nutrient deprivation during times of stress. The stress of unfolded protein accumulation has been implicated previously in low protein yields during heterologous protein expression. Here we describe the dynamics of(More)
Expression kinetics of the human Epidermal Growth Factor (hEGF) from the alpha-factor prepro region in a 2-mum based plasmid was studied in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Production of hEGF was highly medium de pendent as a chemically defined, nonenriched media had a significantly lower yield than did enriched media. Also cells grown on yeast nitrogen base(More)
Bioluminescence has recently become a popular research tool in several fields, including medicine, pharmacology, biochemistry, bioprocessing, and environmental engineering. Beginning with purely qualitative goals, scientists are now targeting more demanding applications where accurate, quantitative interpretation of bioluminescence is necessary. Using the(More)
Cationic antimicrobial peptides, such as polymyxin B (PxB), below growth inhibitory concentration induce expression of osmY gene in viable E. coli without leakage of solutes and protons. osmY expression is also a locus of hyperosmotic stress response induced by common food preservatives, such as hypertonic NaCl or sucrose. High selectivity of PxB against(More)
The contribution of caveolae in Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 (BMP2) activated Smad signaling was quantified using a system biology approach. BMP2 plays crucial roles during processes such as hematopoiesis, embryogenesis, and skeletal development. BMP2 signaling is tightly regulated on the plasma membrane by its receptors. The localization of BMP receptors(More)