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Heat shock gene expression is induced by a variety of environmental stresses, including the presence of many chemicals. To address the utility of this response for pollutant detection, two Escherichia coli heat shock promoters, dnaK and grpE, were fused to the lux genes of Vibrio fischeri. Metals, solvents, crop protection chemicals, and other organic(More)
Quaternary ammonium functionalized poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers were synthesized and their antibacterial properties were evaluated using a bioluminescence method. These quaternary ammonium dendrimers are very potent biocides. The antibacterial properties depend on the size of the dendrimer, the length of hydrophobic chains in the quaternary ammonium(More)
A cybernetic framework is presented which views microbial response in multiple substrate environments as a judicious investment of cellular resources in synthesizing different key proteins according to an optimal regulatory strategy. A mathematical model is developed within the cybernetic framework for the diauxic growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae on a(More)
Expression kinetics of the human Epidermal Growth Factor (hEGF) from the alpha-factor prepro region in a 2-mum based plasmid was studied in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Production of hEGF was highly medium de pendent as a chemically defined, nonenriched media had a significantly lower yield than did enriched media. Also cells grown on yeast nitrogen base(More)
Bioluminescence has recently become a popular research tool in several fields, including medicine, pharmacology, biochemistry, bioprocessing, and environmental engineering. Beginning with purely qualitative goals, scientists are now targeting more demanding applications where accurate, quantitative interpretation of bioluminescence is necessary. Using the(More)
The formation of cytoplasmic inclusion bodies by Escherichia coli overproducing Clostridium thermocellum endoglucanase D (EGD) was investigated. EGD was found in inclusion bodies as a 68 kDa form, whereas the size of the cytoplasmic form was 65 kDa. Upon solubilization with urea followed by dialysis, the 68 kDa form was converted to the 65 kDa species.(More)
The effects of temperature, growth stage, and inducer (ethanol) concentration on the kinetics and magnitude of the stress response were investigated by using an Escherichia coli strain with the grpE heat shock promoter fused to the Vibrio fischeri lux genes. When stressed, the cells responded by changing the level of specific light emission, which was(More)
The function of the non-catalytic, duplicated segment found in C. thermocellum cellulases was investigated. Rabbit antibodies reacting with the duplicated segment of endoglucanase CelD cross-reacted with a variety of cellulosome components ranging between 50 and 100 kDa. 125I-labeled forms of CelD and of xylanase XynZ carrying the duplicated segment bound(More)
A miniature bioreactor was fabricated as a contactor between biosensing cells and toxic materials. This miniature bioreactor (58 mL working volume) showed performance similar to that of a conventional bioreactor, as well as the advantages of easy installation, facile operation, and small medium requirements during long-term continuous operation. A(More)
Autism Spectrum Disorders are neurodevelopmental disorders with symptoms that include cognitive impairments, stereotyped behaviors, and impairments in social skills. The dramatic increase in incidence of autism in recent years has created an increased need to find effective treatments. This paper proposes a hypothesis for a systems model of the connections(More)