Learn More
A 31-kDa glycoprotein antigen was purified by electrophoresing the crude extract of Parastrongylus cantonensis adult worms in a 12% SDS-polyacrylamide gel, identifying the 31-kDa component with prestained molecular weight standards, cutting the desired gel strip, and then isolating it by electroelution. Antigen fraction of 31 kDa was re-electrophoresed,(More)
Scrub typhus, a rickettsial disease transmitted by several species of Leptotrombidium chiggers (larvae), is endemic in many areas of Asia. The disease is best prevented by the use of personal protective measures, including repellents. In this study commercially produced aromatic, essential oils of 13 plant species and ethanol (control) were tested in the(More)
Human infection with the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Parastrongylus cantonensis) in Thailand, especially in the northeastern region, is associated with the habit of eating koi-hoi, which contains raw snail meat. Infection results from the snails being carriers of the larval parasite. The present study was conducted to assess the effect of food(More)
The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis, a food-borne zoonotic parasite, has been recognized as the primary pathogen associated with human eosinophilic meningitis or eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. This neurotropic nematode has a definitive rodent host and a molluscan intermediate host. The adult worms live in the pulmonary arteries of rats. Human is(More)
A dot-blot ELISA was compared with a previously performed sandwich ELISA for the detection of Parastrongylus cantonensis antigens in sera from patients. Using the same monoclonal antibody and the same sera, 6 of 10 sera (60%) from parastronglyiasis patients were positive in dot-blot ELISA, whereas with sandwich ELISA, 5 of the same patient sera (50%) were(More)
Nematodes of the genus Angiostrongylus are parasites of rodents and carnivores. They reside in the pulmonary or mesenteric arteries of their hosts. Two species are pathogenic in humans -Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes eosinophilic meningitis or meningoencephalitis, and Angiostrongylus costaricensis produces abdominal angiostrongyliasis. In addition(More)
The fruit fly Bactrocera caudata is a pest species of economic importance in Asia. Its larvae feed on the flowers of Cucurbitaceae such as Cucurbita moschata. To-date it is distinguished from related species based on morphological characters. Specimens of B. caudata from Peninsular Malaysia and Indonesia (Bali and Lombok) were analysed using the partial DNA(More)
The whole mitochondrial genome of the pest fruit fly Bactrocera arecae was obtained from next-generation sequencing of genomic DNA. It had a total length of 15,900 bp, consisting of 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a non-coding region (A + T-rich control region). The control region (952 bp) was flanked by rrnS and trnI genes. The(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis-associated eosinophilic meningitis in humans has been commonly reported worldwide. However parasitologically confirmed cases are not common, as the parasite has been recovered only infrequently from the cerebrospinal fluid of patients. The potential value of immunodiagnosis is therefore self-evident. Immunological tests can also(More)
Bactrocera caudata is a pest of pumpkin flower. Specimens of B. caudata from the northern hemisphere (mainland Asia) and southern hemisphere (Indonesia) were analysed using the partial DNA sequences of the nuclear 28S rRNA and internal transcribed spacer region 2 (ITS-2) genes, and the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), cytochrome c oxidase(More)