Praphathip Eamsobhana

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Scrub typhus, a rickettsial disease transmitted by several species of Leptotrombidium chiggers (larvae), is endemic in many areas of Asia. The disease is best prevented by the use of personal protective measures, including repellents. In this study commercially produced aromatic, essential oils of 13 plant species and ethanol (control) were tested in the(More)
A 31-kDa glycoprotein antigen was purified by electrophoresing the crude extract of Parastrongylus cantonensis adult worms in a 12% SDS-polyacrylamide gel, identifying the 31-kDa component with prestained molecular weight standards, cutting the desired gel strip, and then isolating it by electroelution. Antigen fraction of 31 kDa was re-electrophoresed,(More)
Nematodes of the genus Angiostrongylus are parasites of rodents and carnivores. They reside in the pulmonary or mesenteric arteries of their hosts. Two species are pathogenic in humans -Angiostrongylus cantonensis causes eosinophilic meningitis or meningoencephalitis, and Angiostrongylus costaricensis produces abdominal angiostrongyliasis. In addition(More)
The rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis, a food-borne zoonotic parasite, has been recognized as the primary pathogen associated with human eosinophilic meningitis or eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. This neurotropic nematode has a definitive rodent host and a molluscan intermediate host. The adult worms live in the pulmonary arteries of rats. Human is(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis-associated eosinophilic meningitis in humans has been commonly reported worldwide. However parasitologically confirmed cases are not common, as the parasite has been recovered only infrequently from the cerebrospinal fluid of patients. The potential value of immunodiagnosis is therefore self-evident. Immunological tests can also(More)
The fruit fly Bactrocera caudata is a pest species of economic importance in Asia. Its larvae feed on the flowers of Cucurbitaceae such as Cucurbita moschata. To-date it is distinguished from related species based on morphological characters. Specimens of B. caudata from Peninsular Malaysia and Indonesia (Bali and Lombok) were analysed using the partial DNA(More)
Angiostrongylus cantonensis is an important emerging zoonotic parasite causing human eosinophilic meningitis (or meningoencephalitis) in many parts of the world. To-date there is only a single study using mitochondrial cytochrome b (CYTB) gene to determine its genetic structure in eight geographical localities in Thailand. The present study examined the(More)
Human infection with the rat lungworm Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Parastrongylus cantonensis) in Thailand, especially in the northeastern region, is associated with the habit of eating koi-hoi, which contains raw snail meat. Infection results from the snails being carriers of the larval parasite. The present study was conducted to assess the effect of food(More)
A dot-blot ELISA was compared with a previously performed sandwich ELISA for the detection of Parastrongylus cantonensis antigens in sera from patients. Using the same monoclonal antibody and the same sera, 6 of 10 sera (60%) from parastronglyiasis patients were positive in dot-blot ELISA, whereas with sandwich ELISA, 5 of the same patient sera (50%) were(More)
An in-house membrane dot-blot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit, for the detection of specific antibody to a 31 kDa protein of Parastrongylus cantonensis was evaluated in a blinded multi-laboratory study. The kit was provided to technologists, who were trained in its use, from nine regional laboratories of Thailand. With an identical set of 20 coded(More)