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A significant improvement in blood velocity estimation accuracy can be achieved by simultaneously processing both temporal and spatial information obtained from a sample volume. Use of the spatial information becomes especially important when the temporal resolution is limited. By using a two-dimensional sequence of spatially sampled Doppler signal(More)
This paper presents a semi-global mathematical model for an analysis of a signal of amperometric biosensors. Artificial neural networks were applied to an analysis of the biosensor response to multi-component mixtures. A large amount of the learning and test data was synthesized using computer simulation of the biosensor response. The biosensor signal was(More)
When compared to the classical Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) or Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) approach, modern estimation methods offer the potential for achieving significant improvements in estimating the power density spectrum of Doppler ultrasound signals. Such improvements, for example, might enable minor flow disturbances to be detected, thereby(More)
Various alternative spectral estimation methods are examined and compared in order to assess their possible application for real-time analysis of Doppler ultrasound arterial signals. Specifically, five general frequency domain models are examined, including the periodogram, the general autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model which has the autoregressive(More)
For pt.I see ibid., vol.45, no.4, pp.939-54 (1998). The statistical performance of the new 2-D narrowband time-domain root-MUSIC blood velocity estimator described previously is evaluated using both simulated and flow phantom wideband (50% fractional bandwidth) ultrasonic data. Comparisons are made with the standard 1-D Kasai estimator and two other(More)
Physiological adaptation to weightlessness requires changes in cardiovascular system parameters to maintain homeostasis in the presence of cephalic fluid shifts. The cerebral circulation must respond immediately to these systemic changes or impairment of cerebral function will occur. Blood flow velocities of the middle cerebral artery were measured by(More)
Mathematical and physical models are essential tools in both fundamental and clinically applied Doppler ultrasound research. In this paper we illustrate a variety of models and show how they can be used to understand and interpret clinical Doppler ultrasound signals, particularly from stenosed arteries. The physical models discussed include both steady and(More)
With a pulsed Doppler system, the recorded Doppler spectrum is expected to vary depending upon the sample volume size relative to the diameter of the vessel, the position of the sample volume in the vessel and the velocity profile. In the in vitro experiments described in this paper, the velocity profile was kept constant by using steady parabolic flow in a(More)