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The GH receptor (GHR) is expressed on macrophages. However, the precise role of GH in regulation of macrophage function is unclear. We hypothesized that soluble factors including cytokines produced by macrophages in a GH-dependent manner regulate adipogenesis. We confirmed expression and functional integrity of the GHR in the J774A.1 macrophage cells.(More)
Involvement of the growth hormone (GH) / insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) axis in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) is strongly suggested by studies investigating the impact of GH excess and deficiency on renal structure and function. GH excess in both the human (acromegaly) and in transgenic animal models is characterized by significant(More)
alpha-Crystallin, a prominent member of small heat shock protein (sHsp) family and a major structural protein of the eye lens is a large polydisperse oligomer of two isoforms, alphaA- and alphaB-crystallins. Numerous studies have demonstrated that alpha-crystallin functions like a molecular chaperone in preventing the aggregation of various proteins under a(More)
alpha-Crystallin, a predominant protein of the ocular lens, is composed of two subunits, alphaA and alphaB. Of these, alphaB-crystallin has been shown to present widely in non-lenticular tissues while alphaA-crystallin is largely lens-specific. Although, expression of alphaB-crystallin is elevated under various stress and pathological conditions, yet its(More)
PURPOSE A decline in the chaperone-like activity of eye lens alpha-crystallin in diabetic conditions has been reported. In this study, we investigated whether curcumin, a dietary antioxidant, can manipulate the chaperone-like activity of alpha-crystallin in diabetic rat lens. METHODS A group of rats received ip injection of streptozotocin (STZ; 35 mg/kg(More)
Curcumin is conjugated to gum arabic, a highly water soluble polysaccharide to enhance the solubility and stability of curcumin. Conjugation of curcumin to gum arabic is confirmed by (1)H NMR, fluorescence and UV spectroscopy studies. The conjugate self assembles to spherical nano-micelles (270 ± 5 nm) spontaneously, when dispersed in aqueous medium.(More)
Alpha-crystallin is a member of the small heat-shock protein family and functions like a molecular chaperone, and may thus help in maintaining the transparency of the eye lens by protecting the lens proteins from various stress conditions. Non-enzymic glycation of long-lived proteins has been implicated in several age- and diabetes-related complications,(More)
PURPOSE Aldose reductase (AR) has been a drug target because of its involvement in the development of secondary complications of diabetes including cataract. Although numerous synthetic AR inhibitors (ARI) have been tested and shown to inhibit the enzyme, clinically synthetic ARIs have not been very successful. Therefore, evaluating natural sources for ARI(More)
The chaperone-like activity of alpha-crystallin is considered to play an important role in the maintenance of the transparency of the eye lens. However, in the case of aging and in diabetes, the chaperone function of alpha-crystallin is compromized, resulting in cataract formation. Several post-translational modifications, including non-enzymatic glycation,(More)
We investigated GH action on macrophage (MΦ) by creating a MΦ-specific GH receptor-null mouse model (MacGHR KO). On a normal diet (10% fat), MacGHR KO and littermate controls exhibited similar growth profiles and glucose excursions on intraperitoneal glucose (ipGTT) and insulin tolerance (ITT) tests. However, when challenged with high fat diet (HFD, 45%(More)