Pramod Kumar Singh

Learn More
This article illustrates the role of GIS in development planning and the management of resources. The major Indian initiatives of GIS infrastructure development such as the NRIS, NRDMS and GISNIC have been discussed in detail. It gives recent initiatives like large-scale mapping, VRC, and NSDI. The article borrows the theoretical concepts from the(More)
The 0-1 knapsack problem is a well-studied combinatorial optimization problem and much research has been performed on many variants of the problem [1,28]. There are single and multiobjective versions of the problem involving one and m-dimensional knapsacks [9,15]. Even the single objective case has been proven to be NP-hard. Much research for the single(More)
The problem of computing spanning trees along with specific constraints is mostly NP-hard. Many approximation and stochastic algorithms which yield a single solution, have been proposed. In this paper, we formulate the generic multi-objective spanning tree (MOST) problem and consider edge-cost and diameter as the two objectives. Since the problem is hard,(More)
Although gender-based health disparities are prevalent in India, very little data are available on care-seeking patterns for newborns. In total, 255 mothers were prospectively interviewed about their perceptions and action surrounding the health of their newborns in rural Uttar Pradesh, India. Perception of illness was significantly lower in incidence(More)
Salinity stress is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting plant growth and productivity globally. In order to improve the yields of plants growing under salt stress bear remarkable importance to supply sustainable agriculture. Acclimation of plants to salinized condition depends upon activation of cascade of molecular network involved in stress(More)
Reactive oxygen species play a crucial role for various physiological and developmental processes in plants. Here, we report a spatial pattern of oxidative stress and antioxidant defence within maize leaf. Localization of hydrogen peroxide in different region of leaf clearly exhibits well-defined increasing pattern of accumulation from the base to the leaf(More)