Pragati Agnihotri

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Polyamine biosynthesis pathway has long been considered an essential drug target for trypanosomatids including Leishmania. S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AdoMetDc) and spermidine synthase (SpdSyn) are enzymes of this pathway that catalyze successive steps, with the product of the former, decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine (dcSAM), acting as an(More)
Antileishmanial activities of a library of synthetic chalcone analogues have been examined. Among them, five compounds (11, 14, 16, 17, 22, and 24) exhibited better activity than the marketed drug miltefosine in in vitro studies against the intracellular amastigotes form of Leishmania donovani. Three promising compounds, 16, 17, and 22, were tested in a L.(More)
Trypansomatids maintain their redox balance by the trypanothione-based redox system, enzymes of which exhibit differences from mammalian homologues. γ-Glutamylcysteine synthetase (Gcs) is an essential enzyme in this pathway that performs the first and rate-limiting step. l-Buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of Gcs, induces toxicity in(More)
Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDKs) are ubiquitous enzymes that catalyze the transfer of the γ-phosphate moiety from an NTP donor to an NDP acceptor, crucial for maintaining the cellular level of nucleoside triphosphates (NTPs). The inability of trypanosomatids to synthesize purines de novo and their dependence on the salvage pathway makes NDK an(More)
Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) is a recent entity introduced in the World Health Organization 2004 Classification. It is a tumour of low malignant potential. MTSCC is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which is characterized by a polymorphous histology, wherein the spindled epithelial cell is an inherent carcinomatous component.(More)
In addition to the S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (AD) present in all organisms, trypanosomatids including Leishmania spp. possess an additional copy, annotated as the putative S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase-like proenzyme (ADL). Phylogenetic analysis confirms that ADL is unique to trypanosomatids and has several unique features such as lack of(More)
γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (Gcs) is a vital enzyme catalyzing the first and rate limiting step in the trypanothione biosynthesis pathway, the ATP-dependent ligation of L-Glutamate and L-Cysteine to form gamma-glutamylcysteine. The Trypanothione biosynthesis pathway is unique metabolic pathway essential for trypanosomatid survival rendering Gcs as a(More)
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