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In north-eastern India, Anopheles minimus, An. dirus and An. fluviatilis are considered the three major vectors of the parasites causing human malaria. The role in transmission of the other Anopheles species present in this region is not, however, very clear. To examine the vectorial role of the more common anopheline mosquitoes, the heads and thoraces of(More)
The sibling species composition of the Anopheles minimus and Anopheles dirus complexes is poorly known in the highly malarious north-eastern region of India where these two vector taxa are accountable for most of the malaria transmission among 30.7 million inhabitants. Prevalent members of these two complexes in this part of India were identified using(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE During a malaria epidemiological study in Arunachal Pradesh, Plasmodium malariae like human malaria parasites were seen in blood smears from fever cases. The study was undertaken to detect the presence of P. malariae and to confirm its identity through DNA based polymerase chain reaction approach. METHODS Fever survey was carried(More)
An investigation was undertaken of a malaria outbreak in the Primary Health Centre Titabor, district Jorhat, Assam during May/June 1999. The fever rate in the community since March 1999, was 44.4 per cent with an average case load of 2.5 per family. The fever cases peaked in the third week of May. Slide positive and slide falciparum rates in mass blood(More)
Larval ecology of Anopheles dirus, the main vector of forest malaria in north-eastern region of India, was studied in relation to physico-chemical characteristics of its breeding habitats in a rain forest area of Assam, India. Shady stream side pools, positive for the breeding of An. dirus, had significantly higher amounts of total hardness (P < 0.024) in(More)
The risk of acquiring malaria transmitted by Anopheles baimaii Sallum & Peyton, 2005, formerly known as An. dirus species D (Sallum et al., 2005) (Diptera: Culicidae), at different hours of the night in a forest-fringed village of Assam, North-east India was assessed through all-night mosquito landing catches during 1995-2000. An estimated overall mean(More)
BACKGROUND Assam, in north-east India, is extremely rich in hydrocarbon deposits and the oil industry is the major contributor to its economy. A large number of oil fields and related installations in Assam are located in forest areas or on their fringes where malaria is a serious problem among field staff and security personnel, adversely affecting oil(More)
Chloroquine (CQ) and sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine (SP) are two first-line antimalarials used under the existing Indian National Drug Policy in the north-eastern region of India bordering several countries including Myanmar. Although widespread resistance to antimalarials in Plasmodium falciparum has been reported from western Myanmar, information from the(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Malaria is one of the major public health problems in the north eastern region of India. Antimalarial drug resistance is widespread and one of the important causes of recent resurgence of falciparum malaria in this region. Antimalarial drugs are seen to be used sequentially one after another in many areas of the region, when(More)