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In north-eastern India, Anopheles minimus, An. dirus and An. fluviatilis are considered the three major vectors of the parasites causing human malaria. The role in transmission of the other Anopheles species present in this region is not, however, very clear. To examine the vectorial role of the more common anopheline mosquitoes, the heads and thoraces of(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE During a malaria epidemiological study in Arunachal Pradesh, Plasmodium malariae like human malaria parasites were seen in blood smears from fever cases. The study was undertaken to detect the presence of P. malariae and to confirm its identity through DNA based polymerase chain reaction approach. METHODS Fever survey was carried(More)
The sibling species composition of the Anopheles minimus and Anopheles dirus complexes is poorly known in the highly malarious north-eastern region of India where these two vector taxa are accountable for most of the malaria transmission among 30.7 million inhabitants. Prevalent members of these two complexes in this part of India were identified using(More)
An investigation was undertaken of a malaria outbreak in the Primary Health Centre Titabor, district Jorhat, Assam during May/June 1999. The fever rate in the community since March 1999, was 44.4 per cent with an average case load of 2.5 per family. The fever cases peaked in the third week of May. Slide positive and slide falciparum rates in mass blood(More)
Anopheles philippinensis-nivipes complex mosquitoes, captured in outdoor human landing catches and light traps in human dwellings from four different sites in Assam state and adjoining areas, were examined (n=1670) for the presence of circumsporozoite antigen (CSA) through enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), using species specific capture monoclonal(More)
In an entomological study, covering three biotopes like village, panikheti (wet rice cultivated land) and urban agglomeration, a total of 35 species of mosquitoes in eight genera were recorded in Jairampur area of Arunachal Pradesh. Two mosquito species--Orthopodomyia anopheloides and Tripteroides indicus were recorded for the first time in Arunachal(More)
A widespread outbreak of malaria occurred in different districts of lower Assam in April, 1995. Entomological investigations were carried out in Primary Health Centre Tamulpur, the worst hit area of Nalbari district. Of the nine anopheline species collected, Anopheles minimus was incriminated as the malaria vector with sporozoite rate of 6.5 per cent. The(More)
In an entomological study in South Tripura district of Tripura state during June 1998, a total of 31 species of mosquitoes belonging to eight genera were recorded. Among the known malaria vectors in India, Anopheles annularis, An. jeyporiensis, An. minimus, An. philippinensis/nivipes and An. varuna were collected but none of them could be incriminated.(More)
Anopheles baimaii is a primary vector of human malaria in the forest settings of Southeast Asia including the north-eastern region of India. Here, the genetic population structure and the basic population genetic parameters of An. baimaii in north-east India were estimated using DNA sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase sub unit II (COII) gene.(More)
Thirty patients of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria completed a clinical trial of arteether alpha/beta conducted in a malaria endemic tea garden of district Dibrugarh, Assam. Arteether was given intramuscularly in once a day dose of 150 mg for three consecutive days. The cure rate was 100 per cent with mean fever and parasite clearance time of(More)