Pradip K. Bandyopadhyay

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We used a recently developed method to produce mutant alleles of five endogenous Drosophila genes, including the homolog of the p53 tumor suppressor. Transgenic expression of the FLP site-specific recombinase and the I-SceI endonuclease generates extrachromosomal linear DNA molecules in vivo. These molecules undergo homologous recombination with the(More)
The venom peptides (i.e., conotoxins or conopeptides) that species in the genus Conus collectively produce are remarkably diverse, estimated to be around 50,000 to 140,000, but the pace of discovery and characterization of these peptides have been rather slow. To date, only a minor fraction have been identified and studied. However, the advent of(More)
The venomous marine gastropods, cone snails (genus Conus), inject prey with a lethal cocktail of conopeptides, small cysteine-rich peptides, each with a high affinity for its molecular target, generally an ion channel, receptor or transporter. Over the last decade, conopeptides have proven indispensable reagents for the study of vertebrate(More)
We have determined the first complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial genome of a venomous mollusc, the Conoidean gastropod, Lophiotoma (Xenuroturris) cerithiformis. It is 15,380 nucleotide pairs (ntp) and encodes 13 proteins, two ribosomal RNAs and 22 tRNAs of the mitochondrion's own protein synthesizing system. The protein mRNAs, ribosomal RNAs(More)
The cone snails belong to the superfamily Conoidea, comprising approximately 10,000 venomous marine gastropods. We determined the complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of Conus textile. The gene order is identical in Conus textile, Lophiotoma cerithiformis (another Conoidean gastropod), and the neogastropod Ilyanassa obsoleta, (not in the superfamily(More)
The fish-hunting cone snail, Conus geographus, is the deadliest snail on earth. In the absence of medical intervention, 70% of human stinging cases are fatal. Although, its venom is known to consist of a cocktail of small peptides targeting different ion-channels and receptors, the bulk of its venom constituents, their sites of manufacture, relative(More)
Under appropriate conditions, digestion of phage T7 DNA by the type I restriction enzyme EcoK produces an orderly progression of discrete DNA fragments. All details of the fragmentation pattern can be explained on the basis of the known properties of type I enzymes, together with two further assumptions: (i) in the ATP-stimulated translocation reaction, the(More)
Using assay-directed fractionation of the venom from the vermivorous cone snail Conus planorbis, we isolated a new conotoxin, designated pl14a, with potent activity at both nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and a voltage-gated potassium channel subtype. pl14a contains 25 amino acid residues with an amidated C-terminus, an elongated N-terminal tail (six(More)
Conantokin-G isolated from the marine snail Conus geographus is a 17-amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamate (Gla)-containing peptide that inhibits the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. We describe the cloning and sequence of conantokin-G cDNA and the possible role of the propeptide sequence. The cDNA encodes a 100amino acid peptide. The N-terminal 80 amino acids(More)
The vitamin K-dependent carboxylase carries out the posttranslational modification of specific glutamate residues in proteins to gamma-carboxy glutamic acid (Gla) in the presence of reduced vitamin K, molecular oxygen, and carbon dioxide. In the process, reduced vitamin K is converted to vitamin K epoxide, which is subsequently reduced to vitamin K, by(More)