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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are leading cause of death in developing countries including India. The huge burden of CVD in Indian subcontinent is the consequence of the large population and high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. This study was done to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in two industrial units in(More)
Maintenance hemodialysis is a treatment modality available to few patients reaching end-stage renal disease in India. However, the morbidity and outcome of such treatment remains largely unknown. A retrospective cohort of patients commencing hemodialysis in a secondary care institution in India between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004 was studied.(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the association of four obesity-related indices--body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-stature ratio (WSR)--with hypertension and type 2 diabetes among a male industrial population in south India. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A cross sectional study of 2148 men aged 18-69 years in(More)
Hypertension is a major public health problem with prevalence ranging 22–30% in urban India. There are few data on hypertension epidemiology in rural India. We conducted a survey to estimate prevalence, awareness, treatment, control and risk factors for hypertension in a rural population in south India. We did cross-sectional survey in 11 villages in Tamil(More)
INTRODUCTION There is reasonable evidence that folic acid 5-10 mg per week leads to reduction in methotrexate (MTX) toxicity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, this is based on studies conducted with lower MTX dosage than used currently. It is unclear whether higher doses of folic acid may be better in reducing toxicity. METHODS This was a(More)
Genotyping of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is important for precise classification of bacterium and for understanding the molecular epidemiology. The present study reports detection and typing of the MAP from milk. On the basis of clinical signs of diarrhea and/or weakness, the dairy animals suspected for Johne’s disease were(More)
Oral, cervical and breast cancers, which are either preventable and/or amenable to early detection and treatment, are the leading causes of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in India. In this paper, we describe implementation science research priorities to catalyze the prevention and control of these cancers in India. Research priorities were organized(More)
When embryonated and de-embryonated cotyledons of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) were kept for germination, only embryonated cotyledons (EC) developed into seedlings. alpha-Amylase activity appeared late in de-embryonated cotyledons (DEC), but increased and matched with that of EC on 4th day, and thereafter started declining. A higher content of reducing(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES An increased number of cases with influenza like illness (ILI) were reported in Greater Kolkata Metropolitan Area (GKMA) during July and August 2010. We investigated these cases to confirm the outbreak, describe the distribution of patients and propose control measures. METHODS A suspected case of influenza like illness (ILI) was(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death in India. There is high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in urban Tamil Nadu. There are limited data on the prevalence of behavioral risk factors and overweight in rural Tamil Nadu. AIM We estimated prevalence of behavioral risk factors, overweight and central obesity in a(More)