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A hospital-based case-control study including 92 children with diarrhea for longer than 14 days and 92 controls without gastrointestinal symptoms was performed to describe the association between the excretion of enteric pathogens and persistent diarrhea. In patients the most frequently isolated stool pathogens were enteroaggregative Escherichia coli(More)
A cohort of 452 rural children was followed longitudinally for 13 mo to ascertain the role of HEp-2 cell adherent Escherichia coli and other pathogens in causing acute (less than or equal to 14 d) and persistent (greater than 14 d) diarrhea. Aeromonas, Campylobacter jejuni, E. coli manifesting localized adherence to HEp-2 cells and enterotoxigenic E. coli(More)
In order to determine the descriptive epidemiology of persistent diarrhoea in rural northern India, a cohort of 963 children aged 0-71 months was followed prospectively for 12 months through weekly household visits. The incidence of persistent diarrhoea was 6.3 per 100 child-years among those aged 0-71 months, and was highest (31 per 100 child-years) among(More)
The role of enteric-type adenoviruses and rotaviruses in mild and severe acute gastroenteritis was investigated among children younger than 5 years of age seeking treatment at an urban hospital (UH) and at a rural health center (RHC) in India. There were 330 children at the UH and 340 at the RHC; 319 and 315 age matched nondiarrheal children served as(More)
Loen, NORWAY, 7-11 May, 2001 The original version of this material will be published by the Research and Technology Organization, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (RTO/NATO) in Meeting Proceedings, MP-069 "Advanced Flow Management, Part A Vortex Flow and High Angle of Attack", in the Spring 2002. For permission to copy or republish, contact the NATO/RTO(More)
Among 274 neonates born at the maternity services of an urban hospital in India, 36.1% of the infants shed rotavirus in feces (as detected by ELISA) by 72 h of life. The excretion rate increased to 70.3% among the 120 infants who stayed for 5 days or more at the hospital. Diarrhoeal symptoms of mild and self-limited nature were observed only in 19.2% of the(More)
Sixty children less than 2 years of age suffering from mild acute gastroenteritis with less than 5% dehydration were randomly assigned to two different isocaloric feeding regimens, viz., a locally prepared milk-free formulation (group A) of rice, lentil, sugar, and coconut oil and a spray dried commercial cow's milk formula (group B). There were two(More)
Restriction endonuclease-generated polynucleotide and synthetically produced oligonucleotide gene probes used in colony hybridization assays proved to be efficient for the detection and differentiation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. To compare their relative efficiencies, these two sets of probes were radiolabeled with 32P and were applied to 74(More)