Prabhat Nath Jha

Learn More
BACKGROUND Up-to-date information on the causes of child deaths is crucial to guide global efforts to improve child survival. We report new estimates for 2008 of the major causes of death in children younger than 5 years. METHODS We used multicause proportionate mortality models to estimate deaths in neonates aged 0-27 days and children aged 1-59 months,(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence and the socioeconomic and demographic correlates of tobacco consumption in India. DESIGN Cross sectional, nationally representative population based household survey. SUBJECTS 315 598 individuals 15 years or older from 91 196 households were sampled in National Family Health Survey-2 (1998-99). Data on tobacco(More)
From the Centre for Global Health Research, Toronto (P.J., B.J., R. Kamadod); and the Epidemiological Research Centre, Chennai (V.G.); Healis-Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Mumbai (P.C.G.); the Rural Health Training Centre, Najafgarh, New Delhi (N.D.); the School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh(More)
BACKGROUND Fewer girls than boys are born in India. Various hypotheses have been proposed to explain this low sex ratio. Our aim was to ascertain the contribution of prenatal sex determination and selective abortion as measured by previous birth sex. METHODS We analysed data obtained for the Special Fertility and Mortality Survey undertaken in 1998.(More)
BACKGROUND WHO estimates that about 170,000 deaths by suicide occur in India every year, but few epidemiological studies of suicide have been done in the country. We aimed to quantify suicide mortality in India in 2010. METHODS The Registrar General of India implemented a nationally representative mortality survey to determine the cause of deaths(More)
BACKGROUND The age-specific mortality rates and total deaths from specific cancers have not been documented for the various regions and subpopulations of India. We therefore assessed the cause of death in 2001-03 in homes in small areas that were chosen to be representative of all the parts of India. METHODS At least 130 trained physicians independently(More)
BACKGROUND National malaria death rates are difficult to assess because reliably diagnosed malaria is likely to be cured, and deaths in the community from undiagnosed malaria could be misattributed in retrospective enquiries to other febrile causes of death, or vice-versa. We aimed to estimate plausible ranges of malaria mortality in India, the most(More)
BACKGROUND In India most adult deaths involve vascular disease, pulmonary tuberculosis, or other respiratory disease, and men have smoked cigarettes or bidis (which resemble small cigarettes) for several decades. The study objective was to assess age-specific mortality from smoking among men (since few women smoke) in urban and in rural India. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Extrapolation from studies in the 1980s suggests that smoking causes 25% of deaths among women and men 35 to 69 years of age in the United States. Nationally representative measurements of the current risks of smoking and the benefits of cessation at various ages are unavailable. METHODS We obtained smoking and smoking-cessation histories from(More)
On the basis of current consumption patterns, approximately 450 million adults will be killed by smoking between 2000 and 2050. At least half of these adults will die between 30 and 69 years of age, losing decades of productive life. Cancer and the total deaths due to smoking have fallen sharply in men in high-income countries but will rise globally unless(More)